“Principal that the guilty alone should be made to suffer”

John M. Schofield (1831–1906). “Events in Missouri, 1863” journal, August 31, 1863, entry. John McAllister Schofield Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress

The Governor and others protest solemnly against Genl. Ewings policy of driving out all the people of the border counties, upon the principal that the guilty alone should be made to suffer. While, driving out all rebels would probably lead to such retaliation as to force all Union men to go also, still it seems to me better that it should be so, than that we should banish all indiscriminately. An effort should at least be made to protect the Loyal. The people of Missouri will not be reconciled to the idea of a total destruction of the State without regard to Loyalty.

This blog complements the Library of Congress exhibition, “The Civil War in America.” This series of posts chronicles the sacrifices and accomplishments of those—from both the North and South—whose lives were lost or affected by the events of 1861–1865. To learn more about the object featured in this blog entry, visit the online exhibition.