While for years immigration has been a much-debated political topic, several issues have caused a recent increase in press attention, including: (1) numerous attempts to pass the DREAM Act in Congress; (2) the recent success of Question 4 in Maryland; and (3) the June 15, 2012 memorandum by Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Janet Napolitano that states that DHS will “exercise prosecutorial discretion” regarding certain young immigrants. These same issues have made immigration a “hot” topic for legal researchers as well. The study of immigration law and policy can be very complicated, however, and can derail researchers not familiar with the executive agencies involved or the vocabulary they may use.
Hopefully this short Beginner’s Guide to immigration law research can help you get a good footing in the area before moving on to more advanced topics.
Perhaps the best place to start for newcomers to the field would be with secondary legal resources such as treatises, handbooks, and casebooks dealing with immigration law. These resources can summarize the law regarding certain immigration topics, provide definitions for key terms, and supply citations to cases, laws, and agency decisions that may be helpful. The Law Library of Congress offers access to some of the leading resources in the field, including:
- Kurzban’s Immigration Law Sourcebook: A Comprehensive Outline and Reference Tool, by Ira Kurzban;
- Immigration Fundamentals: A Guide to Law and Practice, by Austin T. Fragomen, Jr. & Steven C. Bell;
- Immigration Law and Procedure, by Charles Gordon, et al.;
- Steel on Immigration Law, by Richard D. Steel; and
- Immigration Procedures Handbook, by Austin T. Fragomen, Jr., Careen Shannon, and Daniel Montalvo. This is part of the Immigration Law Library by West, which also includes other helpful process-specific guides, such as the Labor Certification Handbook and the H-1B Handbook.
Many of the laws that are the basis for what we consider immigration law today can be found in Title 8 of the United States Code (U.S. Code). Free digital copies of the U.S. Code, from 1994 to 2011, can be found on the Government Printing Office’s Federal Digital System (FDsys). In addition, the Law Library Reading Room has annotated versions of the U.S. Code—the United States Code Annotated and the United States Code Service—that can help lead researchers to regulations, cases, and journal articles, among other sources, regarding their topics.
Similarly, many of the regulations that affect immigration law can be found in Title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Free digital copies of the CFR, from 1996 to 2012, are also available through FDsys.
Other Online Resources
Researchers may be interested in the website for DHS, the federal organization most concerned with immigration issues, and those of its subordinate agencies–United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and Customs and Border Protection (CBP). Some helpful webpages are:
- Laws and Regulations (DHS)/Laws (USCIS)
- Forms and Filing Fees (USCIS)
- Fact Sheets (ICE)/Fact Sheets (CBP)
Other websites that can be very helpful for those going through immigration processes and for those interested in researching these processes, include:
- The American Immigration Lawyers Association’s AILA Infonet – This professional association offers a wealth of free information regarding immigration-related statutes and regulations, proposed legislation, and immigration processes
- For Census information about immigration, visit the United States Census Bureau’s International Migration and Foreign Born pages
- The Pew Research Center, a self-described “nonpartisan ‘fact-tank,’” offers a collection of research reports regarding immigration and immigrants
- The American Immigration Council provides up-to-date news and reports regarding immigration law
- The University of California-Los Angeles School of Law Hugh and Hazel Darling Law Library has a detailed research guide titled Arizona and National Immigration Crisis, which includes a large amount of information regarding state immigration laws, immigration-related organizations, and popular and scholarly articles regarding immigration law and policy.
These resources should provide some help for those just starting their immigration law research. As always, feel free to contact the Law Library of Congress if you have any questions.