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Take Me Out to the Ball Game!

The following post is by Mike Buscher, head of the Reference Team in the Geography and Map Division.

This baseball postseason has been a particularly exciting time for baseball fans. The first five games of the 2017 World Series have truly been an “October Classic,” featuring two teams that have not appeared in a World Series in over a decade. There are twenty nine major league teams playing in U. S. cities coast to coast and one franchise in Canada. With attendance, viewership, and revenues way up the argument can be made once again that baseball is truly our “national pastime”

Looking back, organized baseball in America looked quite different just 70 years ago. There is a map I find fascinating in the collections of the Geography and Map Division that focuses on baseball in America in 1940. It was sent to the Library of Congress as a copyright deposit but was apparently never printed or distributed.

Towns in Organized Baseball. Map drawn by Harlow D. Forker, 1940 June 20. Geography and Map Division.

Towns in Organized Baseball. Map drawn by Harlow D. Forker, 1940 June 20. Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

This 1940 blueprint map of the United States by Harlow D. Forker shows all the cities and towns with baseball teams, either major league or minor league, that were considered to be part of “organized” baseball. In 1940, there were sixteen major league teams in eleven cities. Chicago, Philadelphia and St. Louis each had a major league team in the American and National Leagues. New York had two National League teams and one American league team.

Compared to the 19 minor baseball leagues today, in 1940 there were 44 different minor leagues with a total of 304 teams! One hundred and twenty seven of these teams were farm clubs or had working agreements with a major league team while the rest were independent teams. North Carolina alone had thirty one minor league teams, the most of any state!

Detail of Towns in Organized Baseball. Map drawn by Harlow D. Forker, 1940 June 20. Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

Detail of Towns in Organized Baseball. Map drawn by Harlow D. Forker, 1940 June 20. Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

In 1940, most of the leagues and teams were located east of the Mississippi River. St. Louis had the only major team west of the river, and as the southernmost city, the St. Louis Cardinals (NL) games were broadcast on radio networks across the south. Below, you can see Sportsman’s Park where the Cardinals played in 1940 as it looks on a map from the Sanborn Fire Insurance Company from 1951.

St. Louis, Missouri. Map by Sanborn Fire Insurance Company, 1951. Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

St. Louis, Missouri. Map by Sanborn Fire Insurance Company, 1951, Vol. 7, Plate 46. Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

The blueprint map identifies the location of each team, the name, the class level of the league, and the affiliation of teams with major league franchises. There are also circles showing airline distances from Chicago, the hometown of the mapmaker who used the city as a central point for the country. There is quite a lot of information packed into this one map!

I also noticed on the map that the two cities with teams in the 2017 World Series both had minor league teams in 1940. Los Angeles had a Pacific Coast League team called the Hollywood Stars, and Houston had a lower level team in the Texas League affiliated with the St. Louis Cardinals.

Details of Towns in Organized Baseball. Map drawn by Harlow D. Forker, 1940 June 20. Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

Details of Towns in Organized Baseball. Map drawn by Harlow D. Forker, 1940 June 20. Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

Details of Towns in Organized Baseball. Map drawn by Harlow D. Forker, 1940 June 20. Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

Originally intended to become a full color map, this blueprint map was never fully realized into a complete color edition. Seventy seven years after this map was created, baseball is being played around the globe. Rumors of the next round of expansion of the major leagues include the addition of franchises in cities outside of the U.S. Perhaps on the coming decades, the excitement of a long season may culminate in a true “World” Series.

AERIAL VIEW DURING BASEBALL GAME, FROM SOUTHEAST, ca. 1940 - Roosevelt Stadium, State Route 440 & Danforth Avenue, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ. Photo from Historical American Building Survey, ca. 1940. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress.

Aerial View During Baseball Game, From Southeast, ca. 1940 – Roosevelt Stadium, State Route 440 & Danforth Avenue, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ. Photo from Historical American Building Survey, ca. 1940. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress.

The Amphibious Landing Maps of William Bostick

The following guest post is by Ryan Moore, a cartographic specialist in the Geography and Map Division. William A. Bostick was an artist whose talents were utilized in the Second World War to help create chart-maps for the invasions of Sicily and Normandy. After the war, Bostick had a successful career as an artist and […]

WWI-Era Terrorism: Black Tom Island and Anti-German Hysteria

The following guest post is by Ryan Moore, a cartographic specialist in the Geography and Map Division. The German act of terrorism on Black Tom Island was one of a series of events that came to a head with the infamous Zimmermann Telegram and pushed America to declare war on Germany in April 1917.  These […]

Resources in the Geography and Map Division about World War I

The following guest post is by Ryan Moore, a cartographic specialist in the Geography and Map Division. On April 6, 1917, the United States declared war on the German Empire, bringing the country into the world’s deadliest and most destructive up that point in history. The Great War, as it was called at the time, […]

The Next Generation: GIS as a Career Choice

________________________________________________________ The following is a guest post by Nina Feldman, a former intern with the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress and the American Association of Geographers. Nina is currently a senior at George Washington University, majoring in Environmental Science and GIS (Geographic Information Systems). She spoke of her inspirations and why […]

A Mother’s Day Map from the Civil War

Today’s guest post is from Ed Redmond, a Cartographic Reference Specialist and Vault Collections Curator in the Geography & Map Division at the Library of Congress. A recent Library of Congress Blog post entitled “Trending: The Mother of Mother’s Day” reminded me of one of my favorite Civil War maps.   Although Mother’s Day as we […]

History of Cuba Through Maps Lecture at Library of Congress May 13

Today’s post is from Ryan Moore, a Cartographic Specialist in the Geography & Map Division. Architect and urban planner Julio César Pérez-Hernández will discuss the history of Cuba through cartography on May 13, 2016 at the Library of Congress. “Islands in the Stream: Cuban Maps from the Past to the Future” will take place from […]