The Library of Congress Presents the Songs of America: “The Teddy Bear’s Picnic”

Teddy bears, made in New York, on table, in factory(?) [1915. George Grantham Bain Collection, Prints and Photographs Division.

Teddy bears, made in New York, on table, in factory(?) [1915. George Grantham Bain Collection, Prints and Photographs Division.

It is a long cultural journey from President Teddy Roosevelt to pop singer Anne Murray to art house film director Peter Greenaway. But this is just one of the paths you can take using the new web presentation  The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America as a starting point.

At the turn of the twentieth century, nobody expected the repercussions of political discourse to include a childhood companion that has endured into the twenty-first century. But commerce, craft and entrepreneurship formed a perfect union in 1902. Then-President Theodore Roosevelt, known to his chagrin as “Teddy,” became the subject of a fateful political cartoon when, on a hunting expedition in Mississippi, he refused to shoot a bear that was captured and subdued for his benefit. Cartoonist Clifford Berryman caricatured the incident in The Washington Post in a cartoon that caught the eye of Morris Mitchum, who was inspired to create “Teddy’s Bear.”

The rest is history, for your toy chest and for the jukebox. John Walter Bratton composed “The Teddy Bear Two-step,” later known as “The Teddy Bear’s Picnic,” in 1907. The Songs of America presentation features one of the earliest recordings of the tune, a humorous Arthur Pryor’s Band session from 1908 which casts a trombone in the leading role of the growling bear.

The teddy bear’s origins go back to American politics, but the song’s popular lyrics originated across the pond. Irish songwriter Jimmy Kennedy composed lyrics to “The Teddy Bear’s Picnic” in 1932, by which time President Roosevelt’s connection to teddy bears was probably lost to most of the children who favored their mangy familiars. Englishman Henry Hall recorded the first vocal version of “The Teddy Bear’s Picnic,” and in the decades since, an eclectic variety of musicians has performed the beloved children’s song, including Grateful Dead front man Jerry Garcia, Canadian pop singer Anne Murray, New York folk singer Dave Van Ronk, and cabaret singer and friend of the Library of Congress, Michael Feinstein. The playful song has a surprisingly sinister side that has been used in the movies as in British director Peter Greenaway’s 1985 film A Zed and Two Noughts. History has proven this to be a particularly well travelled bear, and the Music Division hopes the Songs of America provides a launching pad for countless musical journeys.

More than two years in the making, Songs of America brings forward 80,000 digitized, curated items including maps, recordings, videos, sheet music, essays, biographies, curator talks and more to explore America’s history through the prism of song. Be sure to read other Library of Congress blogs today for more about this vast collection.


  1. Bruce Kaplan
    February 13, 2014 at 2:59 pm

    The Henry Hall BBC Dance Orchestra version is the definitive recording of “Teddy Bear’s Picnic”. The vocalist on that record was a young Brit named Val Rosing who in later years became an American citizen and sang opera with the NY and SF Opera companies under the name Gilbert Russell. You can read more about him at

  2. Robert Csech
    June 22, 2016 at 6:51 pm

    An original Teddy Roosevelt bear has been discovered. Hand made by Morris and Rose Michtom of Brooklyn, New York. The Michtom’s made so few of these first style Teddy’s. That they were lost in time. Until Now. This bear is in all original condition. he is a very rare bear indeed. Some day he belongs in the Smithsonian Institute. but this will take time. the Michtom’s created this first style teddy bear to stand upright and to have this full open mouth that smiled. Including dimples to enhance the bears smile. Please Google+ by Robert Csech to read more and to see amazing pictures of the bear.

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