Efforts to set aside a time to formally recognize the contributions of Native Americans began early in the 20th century, and in recent years November has been reserved for this purpose.
The Library of Congress has many resources related to the experiences and contributions of Native Americans to our nation. As you examine these images, songs, texts, and recordings, you might consider: How many of the items were created by Native Americans? How many were created about Native Americans?
Check out this list of American Indian History exhibitions and collections to find primary sources. Don’t miss the multimedia items in Omaha Indian Music and Florida Folklife from the WPA Collection, 1937-1942 .
Of course, items related to Native Americans are intertwined throughout many of the Library’s online collections that also focus on other topics.
For example, search the historic newspaper collections to analyze newspapers published by or dedicated to Indians of North America as well as articles and images published in newspapers serving a broader audience. To get started, search on terms such as Indian agency, Indian bureau, Indian war, or the names of particular groups or tribes, including Ojibwa, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Iroquois.
Native Americans narrate their personal experiences serving in conflicts from World War II to Iraq in audio and video interviews collected by the Library’s Veterans History Project in “Willing to Serve: American Indians.”
Find primary sources and historical context for teachers and students in the presentation Immigration…Native American.
Here are some suggestions for teaching students to view the experiences and contributions of Native American Indians from various perspectives.
- Ask your students to compare how American Indians are portrayed in two or more items with distinct perspectives. For example, students might look at an article from one of the newspapers published by Native Americans and compare it to an article on the same topic from another news source.
- Students might also consider how the interviews collected by the Veterans History Project, created by and in the voices of Native Americans, compare to accounts of Native Americans created by non-native people.
- Both the Omaha Indian Music collection and the Florida Folklife from the WPA document Native American culture and religious practices, but they were created several decades apart. Students can compare, for example, music from each to discuss what is consistent in both collections and what is different. They might speculate on the causes of any variations they observe.
How do you think primary sources might help students view the experiences and contributions of Native American Indians from various perspectives?