This post was written by Uhuru Flemming of the Library of Congress.
Many teachers like to include mini-lessons or bell-ringers about this day in history. The Library of Congress offers two resources that recount what happened on a particular day using the Librarys collections of digitized primary sources: Jump Back in Time (introductory) and Today in History (advanced). Choose the one that best matches your students reading levels to build both content knowledge and research skills with primary sources in context.
- June 18, 1877: Illustrator James Montgomery Flagg was born (introductory; advanced),
- June 23, 1927: Choreographer Robert Bob Fosse was born in Chicago (introductory; advanced);
- June 10, 1898: The first U.S. Marines landed at Guantánamo Bay (introductory; advanced),
- June 13, 1942: The Office of War Information (OWI) was created (introductory; advanced),
- June 16, 1775: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was established (introductory; advanced);
- June 15, 1836: Arkansas became the 25th state (introductory; advanced),
- June 20, 1863: West Virginia became the 35th state in the Union (introductory; advanced);
To engage your students immediately, distribute or display one primary source from an entry and invite them to jot down a single detail they notice and then share. To draw your students deeper into analyzing the primary sources, ask them to record observations, reflections and questions on the Librarys primary source analysis tool. Anne Savage offers tips in the Blog Round-Up: Using the Primary Source Analysis Tool.
Students can also:
- Compare a secondary source account, such as a textbook explanation, to a primary source account. What can be learned from each? What cannot be learned from each? What questions do students have?
- Consider how a series of primary sources support or challenge information and understanding on a particular topic. Ask students to refine or revise conclusions based on their study of each subsequent primary source.
- Use the list of additional resources at the end of each Today in History entry to search for additional primary sources.
Some of our favorite ideas for using these resources came in the comments reacting to Primary Sources Every Day from the Library of Congress. Let us know how you use them!