September in History with the Library of Congress

This post comes courtesy of Uhuru Flemming of the Library of Congress.

Many teachers like to include mini-lessons or bell-ringers about “this day in history.” The Library of Congress offers two resources that recount what happened on a particular day using the Library’s collections of digitized primary sources: Jump Back in Time (introductory) and Today in History (advanced). Choose the one that best matches your students’ reading levels to build both content knowledge and research skills with primary sources in context.

September highlights include the signing of the Panama Canal Treaty and Neutrality Treaty (introductory; advanced) and America’s first celebrated Labor Day (introductory; advanced), as well as milestones related to:

Military History

  • September 12, 1918: American forces under General Pershing launched their first offensive in World War II (introductory; advanced),
  • September 22, 1776: Patriot Nathan Hale was hanged for spying on British troops (introductory; advanced);

The Arts

Social Reformers

  • September 6, 1860: Social reformer and pacifist Jane Addams was born (introductory; advanced),
  • September 18, 1895: Booker T. Washington delivered the speech that came to be known as the Atlanta Compromise  (introductory; advanced).

To engage your students immediately, distribute or display one primary source from an entry and invite them to jot down a single detail they notice and then share. To draw your students deeper into analyzing the primary sources, ask them to record observations, reflections and questions on the Library’s primary source analysis tool. Anne Savage offers tips in the Blog Round-Up: Using the Primary Source Analysis Tool.

Students can also:

  • Compare a secondary source account, such as a textbook explanation, to a primary source account. What can be learned from each? What cannot be learned from each? What questions do students have?
  • Consider how a series of primary sources support or challenge information and understanding on a particular topic. Ask students to refine or revise conclusions based on their study of each subsequent primary source.
  • Use the list of additional resources at the end of each Today in History entry to search for additional primary sources.

Some of our favorite ideas for using these resources came in the comments reacting to Primary Sources Every Day from the Library of Congress. Let us know how you use them!


Five Questions with Chronicling America Digital Conversion Specialist Tonijala Penn

One of the most popular resources on the Library of Congress website is Chronicling America. A collaboration with the National Endowment for the Humanities, Chronicling America provides digital access to newspapers published in the United States of America between 1836-1922. Meet one of the people responsible for making this collection available online, Tonijala Penn.