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Meet the U.S. Copyright Office: Creativity at Work

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Welcome to the U.S. Copyright Office Blog! Over the years, a lot has been said about the U.S. Copyright Office. But what are we REALLY like? With this inaugural blog post for 2017, I would like to reintroduce you to the Copyright Office and the work we do. In future posts, our blog will provide helpful information about upcoming studies and reports, developments in domestic and international copyright law and policy, registration practice, and other exciting news related to the Office.

With roughly 400 employees across eight divisions, the Copyright Office represents myriad perspectives, backgrounds, and interests. We are current and former musicians, writers, and software developers; we’ve performed in children’s theater, at Carnegie Hall, and at the Vatican. We have acted in popular TV shows, played on a nationally ranked rugby team, and crafted anti-terrorism training for developing countries. We have worked in the public and private sectors, in academia and at nonprofits, for content companies and technology companies. Altogether we have worked in at least fifteen different federal agencies and speak languages as varied as Swahili, Mandarin Chinese, Dutch, Marathi, and ancient Greek.

Group of staff members standing in front of building
Registration specialists class of 2015

Our registration staff, for example, includes several lawyers and PhDs; multiple registration specialists have a master’s degree in library and information science. They came to the Copyright Office by way of institutions like the Smithsonian and National Archives. Some are former school teachers, others served in the military. Most, it seems, play a musical instrument (or several), ranging from guitar to piano to flute to bassoon to mandolin. Some have registered their own copyrights. And one was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize for musical composition. In 2016, these registration specialistsfifty-seven “on production” and thirty-nine in trainingprocessed nearly 500,000 copyright registration applications. About 91 percent of applications were filed online.

Our companion office to registrationrecordationalso is privileged to include staff with a significant diversity of backgrounds and experiences. The recordation team lead, for example, toured Belgium, London, and Paris with his high-school music group, then studied music performance in college and earned a law degree before going to work for a copyright licensing agency. The staff in our recordation office often is confronted with novel and interesting copyright ownership claims, such as those arising from wills, bankruptcies, powers of attorney, and, of course, contracts assigning or licensing rights. In 2016, staff recorded ownership interests in more than 160,000 copyrighted works.

Woman using the phone while sitting at computer
Copyright Office staff member Lisa Oates

Our other non-legal departments are the Office of Public Information & Education, the Office of the Chief Information Officer, the Office of the Chief of Operations, and the Office of the Chief Financial Officer. Their staffs likewise bring unique experiences to the Copyright Office. For example, one is a trustee of the Grand Opera House in Wilmington, Delaware. Another is a second-generation Copyright Office employee who has spent more than twenty-five years here and at the Library of Congressand also happens to be a published poet and spoken word artist. Yet another joined the Copyright Office in 1977 before spending several years as a sports and metro reporter for the Washington Post, then launching a copyright-focused magazine, and, eventually, returning to our fold. In 2016, our information specialists handled nearly 200,000 requests from the general public and our in-processing team processed more than 700,000 physical copyright deposits. Also in 2016, our licensing division collected nearly $250 million in royalty payments for distribution by the Copyright Royalty Board.

Two men at desk with printed music
Copyright Office staff member Neil Gladd submits copyright registration

Finally, the Copyright Office’s legal and policy staff hails from a wide variety of private sector, public interest, academic, and government positions. This small group of lawyers includes attorneys who practiced at large and small law firms, representing a wide range of clients from content owners to technology firms; a former fellow at Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet & Society and a current visiting fellow at Yale’s Information Society Project; a former lawyer for Creative Commons and a former software developer who has built at least ten computers; a Cambridge-trained expert on archeological heritage and museums and a trapeze aerialist; an erstwhile music video performer and two half-Ironman triathletes. Over the past five years, legal and policy staff published eight comprehensive reports on issues ranging from small claims to administrative fees to software in everyday products; legal staff also participated in four Supreme Court cases and numerous cases in the lower courts.

Altogether, our staff has logged nearly 7,000 years of public service at the U.S. Copyright Office. The longest-serving among us joined the Copyright Office in 1966. The ten longest-serving employees have together spent almost half a millennium here.

Whether we are former musicians, writers, or tech geeks, we all share a love for the creative culture of our world and a very real pride in being able to play some small part in fostering, supporting, and celebrating creativity in all of its forms. Welcome to the U.S. Copyright Office!

Comments (20)

  1. Congratulations on a great kick-off to the new blog. Loving the diversity discussion and insight to the makeup of your staff. Thank you for the years of outstanding support in working my copyright requests.

  2. Very Nice!!! I had no idea of all this and it is good to see. Thanks for sharing and I look forward to more blog postings!

  3. Being alone and a struggling creative writer with only a highschool diploma, deamed as mentally disabled on a fixed income from Social Security Disability seems just barely out of my reach to secure copyrights,trademarks and intellectual propery rights on books and business projects and ideas I have to bring to the world. How do I secure my place as the entrepreneur that I have proven in my past that I am. Help?

  4. I find your copyright office of many talents very appealing and encouraging. I hope to catch on on how to apply for copyrights, trademarks and intellectual property rigjts. I am a bit slow but not counting myself out of the game. With a little bit of guidance quote, “I will prevail, I will be understood, I will live my full potential” Quoting myself. Is that copyright able. “I will return.”

  5. Nice background article on the professionals, Karen.
    It was nice meeting you at the Copyright Society meeting last month.

  6. Congratulations. It is wonderful to have this resource. I am happy to be part of the blog.

  7. Great going and keep the precious law a backbone

  8. Why did you start this new blog instead of rebranding the Copyright Matters blog? Sure, it wasn’t the most exciting thing to read, but its posts are now just…gone, with no explanation.

    • Mike, thanks for your comment. We discontinued Copyright Matters: Digitization and Public Access in order to focus on wider issues of copyright. The old posts are archived and available here, if you’re interested.

  9. Hi I,m a musician and I havent done a copywrite in over 20 years before Windows PC. I have 9 songs recorded on 7, 8 Tracks and mixed in a private studio. Can You tell me the proceeds forms to use , should i register online?

    • Thanks, Rich. Yes, registering online is the quickest and least expensive method for registering your songs. Please visit our website for more information on how to register.

  10. We are versatility. Thank you.

  11. Thank you for sharing. Your work is vital to what I do as a photographer and director so keep up the great work protecting and fostering creativity. I appreciate your efforts!

    • Thanks, Mark!

  12. 24 May 2017

    A new blog is always a new pleasure, and comes with new friends and discourse with new information and ideas. I am looking forward to being a part of the adventure we call “copyrights”. IP Law is so dynamic and affords one never to have a dull moment.

    My regards,
    Warren E. Brown
    Washington, D. C.

  13. As when writing any material and look at previously document writings, material, and even statements; I was taught that any use of another individual(s) comments per se any subject material, the second writer of comment must cite the rightful works of its creator. I would assume that copy writes still follows the laws of preventing plagiarism. It is not difficult to place citations for any individuals intellectual property by giving credit due where credit lays. In my personal opinion, anyone who commits plagiarism or taking another individuals work, can not be trusted under no circumstances. Even if that individual’s work are from a different country. A prime example of theft of an individuals legal intellectual property was Tesla’s work stolen by Thomas Edison, and even tell Tesla that it was understood (no written contract but a supposedly honest handshake) Tesla’s thoughts belonged to Mr. Thomas Edison because Tesla was working in his abode. Not Tesla’s abode, but if you might possible evaluate, is it possible that each individual’s mind (brain in skull) is also a part of ones abode. Sounds crazy, I assume you might think, but I was not the thief of Tesla’s ideas and works.

  14. I have 2 songs I’d like to copywrite

    • Please visit, where you can register your works through our online system. Tutorials and informational brochures are available to learn more about the process.

  15. I want to commend the staff that helped me 3 years ago regarding my
    Copyright questions and confirmation
    On 2 of my songs. Extremely helpful.

    Thank you people
    Regards, Darryl Parente

    • You’re quite welcome!

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