The Pocket Items That Saved the Life of Theodore Roosevelt

It was the result of pure serendipity—a deadly assassin impeded by casual effects. Ordinary items that were unintentionally but strategically placed by the victim in a breast pocket that blocked the course of an otherwise lethal bullet. 

In the fall of 1912, Theodore Roosevelt was stumping in the Midwest as the Bull Moose candidate for the U.S. presidency. The former President had decided to run for the executive office for a third term after he became frustrated with the Taft administration’s failure to carry out his past policies.

In the early evening of October 14th, Roosevelt arrived in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After dining at the Gilpartick Hotel, he and several members of his entourage headed towards his car which would take them to the auditorium where Roosevelt was to deliver his speech. A crowd of people had gathered and as Roosevelt reached the car, he stood up to bow and acknowledge their cheers. At the front of the crowd was a man holding a .38-caliber Colt revolver taking aim. 

Unbeknownst to Roosevelt, a 36-year-old saloonkeeper from New York City named John Schrank had stalked him through eight states in an effort to catch the right moment to assassinate him. As Schrank would later claim in court proceedings, slain U.S. president William McKinley had appeared to him twice in his dreams. The first was in September 1901 when McKinley rose from his grave, pointed to Roosevelt, and claimed the vice president had murdered him. In a second dream in September 1912, McKinley tapped Schrank on the shoulder and ordered him to avenge his murder. 

At about 8:10 p.m., standing just feet from Roosevelt, Schrank raised his gun, took aim, and fired. The bullet penetrated Roosevelt’s heavy overcoat and ripped through the right side of his chest. Inside the breast pocket were two items that absorbed the impact and undoubtedly saved Roosevelt’s life. The first was a thick fifty-page speech manuscript folded in half. Behind that was a metal eyeglass case in which Roosevelt kept his spectacles. 

After he was hit, Roosevelt tottered a bit, then fell into the seat beneath him. Elbert Martin, his stenographer and a former football player, immediately jumped out of the car and wrestled Schrank to the ground, stopping the man who was aiming to fire again. “He doesn’t know what he is doing,” Roosevelt shouted, “Don’t strike the poor creature.” The wounded Roosevelt was able to restore order to the chaos at the scene before police arrived and took Schrank into custody.

Although Roosevelt was advised by his doctor and others to go immediately to the hospital, he made it emphatically clear that there was no change in plans. “This may be my last talk in this cause to our people,” he said. Despite having a bullet lodged inside him, Roosevelt was driven to the Milwaukee Auditorium and he took the stage to deliver his speech.  

“I don’t know whether you fully understand that I have just been shot,” Roosevelt began, appealing to the audience’s emotions, “but it takes more than that to kill a Bull Moose.” He showed the crowd his bullet-ridden speech manuscript and continued, “The bullet is in me now so that I cannot make a long speech, I will try my best.” 

Roosevelt did in fact make a rather long speech, speaking off the cuff rather than reading from the page. He finally concluded his talk roughly a full hour later, a bit shaky from loss of blood. 

Afterwards, Roosevelt was rushed to a hospital in Milwaukee, then later taken to Chicago’s Mercy Hospital. Physicians monitored Roosevelt for several days and ultimately decided not to remove the bullet. A week after he had been shot, Roosevelt was released from the hospital and was back campaigning on October 30th.

Both Roosevelt and Taft lost the election of 1912 to Woodrow Wilson. In the years following, Roosevelt went on to explore and survey a river in the Amazon basin, write prolifically, and continued to speak out and advocate for political matters. On January 6, 1919, Teddy Roosevelt died at his home in Oyster Bay, New York at the age of 60, with Schrank’s bullet still inside his chest.

Roosevelt’s almost-assassin, John Schrank, was diagnosed with paranoid-schizophrenia. He was committed to an institution for the criminally insane, where he lived until his death in 1943.

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  1. Roger T.
    July 31, 2019 at 7:07 pm

    I’m embarrassed to say that I had never heard of this assassination attempt. Thank you for sharing this incredible story! And the newspaper coverage is so great!

  2. Michelle Smyth
    August 2, 2019 at 6:28 pm

    I saw one of the speech pages with bullet holes at the Smithsonian.

    • Heather Thomas
      August 5, 2019 at 6:54 am

      According to newspapers, after Roosevelt concluded his speech that day, he handed out some of the pages to reporters and others were sent to Roosevelt family, friends, and supporters as keepsakes.

  3. Ok
    September 7, 2019 at 8:38 am

    So what were the items

    • Heather Thomas
      September 16, 2019 at 7:13 am

      The two items were the folded speech manuscript and Roosevelt’s eyeglass case. The bullet travelled through both items before entering Roosevelt’s body, which ultimately saved the former President’s life.

  4. Alyssa Parker Geisman
    November 15, 2020 at 3:02 pm

    I saw the Shirt and the folded up speech at Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site!

  5. bob amndw
    March 29, 2021 at 1:08 pm

    This is true

  6. nancy martin
    January 16, 2022 at 2:19 pm

    Where is is glass case that the bullet pierced?

    • Heather Thomas
      January 20, 2022 at 9:58 am

      From what I can tell, it looks like the pierced eyeglass case is at the Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace (part of the National Park Service). Although, I found a 2012 New York Times article that reported that the eyeglass case was on exhibit at the Oyster Bay Historical Society that year, so it seems like the case is sometimes loaned out for various exhibits.

  7. Herbert Kenneth Chew
    April 26, 2022 at 10:12 am

    Too bad I can’t take planes.

  8. Jessica Sawyer
    May 31, 2022 at 3:04 pm

    What a fascinating story. It shows Roosevelt to be a man of both courage and compassion.

  9. Nathan D.Adolph
    December 5, 2022 at 2:13 pm

    My Grandfather Harold Cress of Manhattan, Kansas and Grandmother Ninna ( maiden name Newsbaum ) there house was 1/4 N and W on Humbolt St. from the Riley County Courthouse is on Pointz is the main St East next door the Waharem Hotel going West takes you uphill to the Man. High School. Grandfather Cress had a gold handeled cane from a relative who was with the Rough Riders that charged up San Whan hill. On the cane was written ( From Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders), i do not remember that mans name. As to what, where this cane is now i do not know. The house on Humbolt in 1979 is not there at that time was way over 1 hundred years old. I Sincerely hope it is in good hands? I would like to know if there are others out there? Sincerely hope

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