{ subscribe_url:'//blogs.loc.gov/share/sites/library-of-congress-blogs/inside_adams.php' }

Roosevelt, Muir, and The Camping Trip

This guest post was written by Constance Carter the previous head of Science Reference who now volunteers here at the Library.

One of the most delightful children’s books I have read is Barb Rosenstock’s The Camping Trip that Changed America: Theodore Roosevelt, John Muir, and our National Parks (New York, Dial Books for Young Readers, c2012). She relates the story of how the President of the United States and the naturalist John Muir joined forces to protect America’s wilderness areas.

On March 14, 1903, Theodore Roosevelt wrote a personal letter to Muir asking Muir to take him through the Yosemite. He noted, “I do not want anyone with me but you, and I want to drop politics absolutely for four days and just be out in the open with you.” Roosevelt had read some of Muir’s writings in which he explained how the wild forests were vanishing as ranchers and developers destroyed the wilderness for their own uses and for money. While most of Roosevelt’s advisors thought that America’s wilderness was too large to ever be depleted, Roosevelt wondered if this were really so and could the government help?

Photograph of Theodore Roosevelt and John Muir on Glacier Point

Theodore Roosevelt and John Muir on Glacier Point, Yosemite Valley, California, in 1903. //www.loc.gov/pictures/item/93503130/

Rosenstock notes that the last thing Muir wanted to do was take another government official camping, but he was convinced that this rough riding, outdoors-man might be able to push for laws to preserve the wilderness. On March 27, 1903, John Muir wrote Roosevelt that a “planned European trip with Professor Sargent at first stood in the way, but a few small changes have brought our trip into harmony with yours and of course I shall go with you gladly.

The President’s men had put down 40 thick wool blankets for Roosevelt to sleep on; John Muir put down some tree boughs and wrapped himself in a large piece of cloth from his knapsack. Roosevelt sent all his men back to town, so that he could enjoy his wilderness adventure with Muir. The next night Muir fixed the President a bed of boughs and he slept soundly. Roosevelt loved Yosemite, the giant sequoias and the ponderosa pine, the forest animals, and especially the horseback ride to Glacier Point, where he woke up covered in snow. During their four days together, John Muir told him many stories about the geology and natural history of California.

Photograph with Yosemite's dome in the background

Yosemite’s Domes, Carleton E. Watkins ca 1865. //www.loc.gov/item/95514316/

Roosevelt returned to Washington refreshed and enthusiastic about conserving America’s forests and its wilderness areas. He pushed Congress to pass laws to protect the wild lands. He also transferred the responsibility of looking after the forest reserves to the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1905 by establishing the U.S. Forest Service. Roosevelt created national monuments, parks, and wildlife sanctuaries—saving approximately 230 million acres of public land for all Americans for all time.

The National Parks are celebrating their hundredth anniversary this year. Your local libraries have wonderful stories about each park—so read more about them. Just ask your local librarian for help in finding books on the parks—they are available for every age and taste. Younger readers might enjoy Yellowstone Moran: Painting the American West; All Aboard! National Parks: A Wildlife Primer; and Mountain Chef: How One Man Lost his Groceries, Changed his Plans, and Helped Cook Up the National Park Service.


  1. Janet Fox
    August 14, 2016 at 1:36 pm

    I thought you’d like to know that readers can find a giveaway for Barb’s wonderful picture book on Goodreads this month, as we are celebrating our National Parks Centennial with Page Through The Parks.

  2. cheryl best
    August 16, 2016 at 11:24 am

    PBS http://www.pbs.org/nationalparks/people/historical/muir/has a great site with quick little videos about the trip too that rounds out my study of this historic camping trip. It is always one of my fifth graders favorite studies since I use so many great primary sources found in the Library.//memory.loc.gov/ammem/trhtml/trhome.html More about Roosevelt

  3. Marilyn Darling
    August 27, 2016 at 3:25 am

    National Park S/YSTEM began in 1872 witth the establishment ofYellowstone, the world’s first National Park. This legislation was signed into law by Presidernt Ulysses Grant.

    National Park SERVICE was established in 1916, as an agency responsible for ADMINISTERING national Parks. President Woodrow Wilson signed the legislation.

    Theodore Roosevelt was a strong supporter of national parks. He signed the Antiquities Act into law, protecting archeological artifacts, and added some national parks to the already existing system.

  4. robin romack
    April 24, 2018 at 11:16 pm

    This was a great help in explaining the camping trip. i had spent no small amount of time searching for the why and how of it. Both Roosevelts are men I admire for their work toward preserving the the nature of this country.

  5. Alexander Ballog
    November 2, 2018 at 12:57 pm

    I am doing John Muir for my wax museum project and this is by far my favorite thing he´s done

  6. daniela mendez
    October 21, 2020 at 1:11 pm

    or 3 things that Roosevelt and Muir have in common.

  7. daniela mendez
    October 21, 2020 at 1:12 pm

    what are 3 things that Roosevelt and Muir have in common.

Add a Comment

This blog is governed by the general rules of respectful civil discourse. You are fully responsible for everything that you post. The content of all comments is released into the public domain unless clearly stated otherwise. The Library of Congress does not control the content posted. Nevertheless, the Library of Congress may monitor any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove content for any reason whatever, without consent. Gratuitous links to sites are viewed as spam and may result in removed comments. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on the Library site. Read our Comment and Posting Policy.

Required fields are indicated with an * asterisk.