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“Doon the Watter”: Shipbuilding and Trade in 19th Century Glasgow; Part 1

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This post was written by Nancy Lovas a new Business Reference Librarian.

I write atop a bookshelf in the Adams Reading Room with an excellent view of the mural on the east wall. I’ve returned to the Business Reference Section after nearly three years away and I’m getting reintroduced to all my old friends.

One such friend I met while developing the Early Business Periodicals guide as a Junior Fellow is The Shipping World and Herald of Commerce, Vol. 1, May 1883-April 1884, published by the Gresham Press Buildings in London. The title page of this first volume is stamped in pink: “Navy Department, Received June 4, 1884, Bureau of Navigation.” I pulled it off the shelf one hot summer day and made a magnificent discovery.

The first issue begins with an editorial in which the editor waxes eloquent of how “we see in the future of British shipping ever greater expansion, prosperity, and supremacy than we find in the past.” Geography and climate prevent the United Kingdom from achieving greatness in agriculture or railways, while an ever-increasing population dictates continued attention to food supplies. “But the opportunity for enterprise, the scope for expansion, in shipping, is untrammelled and without limit.” Thus, “to promote and protect these interests [of shipbuilders and the mercantile marine] The Shipping World is established.”

Articles, features, and charts included in each issue cover a range of subjects, including analysis of ‘The Viking Ship of Gokstad’ accompanied by illustrations, and a recap of a forgotten battle in the Napoleonic Wars: ‘The Way We Captured Perim’ in the March 1884 issue. Notable figures in the shipping world receive in-depth treatment, such as the June 1883 profile of the 2nd Earl of Ravensworth, President of the Institute of Naval Architects (the present-day Royal Institution of Naval Architects, a brief history through 1960 here). Practical, up-to-date sailing information told sailors the latest quarantine regulations in effect in foreign ports and changes in lighthouses and similar navigation signals in ‘Hydrographic Notes.’ And this is only volume one!

The real gems of these volumes are the fold-out maps and illustrations. One illustration accompanies a proposal for a new navigation tool, an international course and speed indicating clock compass. The author describes Mr. R. Meager’s method of indicating a ship’s speed and direction by a series of whistle and horn patterns. The illustrative clock compass is the key to deciphering the code!

part of a fold out map for the  River Clyde showing shipbuilding yards
From The Shipping World and Herald of Commerce, March 1884.

There are several maps as well. The best one folds out four feet across my desk, “Chart of the River Clyde, Showing Shipbuilding Yards.

part of a fold out map for the City of Glasgow with the County of Renfrew on one side of the Clyde and the County of Lanark
From The Shipping World and Herald of Commerce, March 1884.

It stretches west from the City of Glasgow on the far right to the Firth of Clyde tucked into the binding. Along the river lie shipbuilding yards and factories (mainly textile). If you peer closely near the City of Glasgow, you’ll see the tiny spit of the River Kelvin on the west side. Further west is Clydebank, and even further is Helensburgh (prounounced Helens-burra).

part of a fold out map for the City of Glasgow with the County of Renfrew on one side of the Clyde and the County of Lanark
From The Shipping World and Herald of Commerce, March 1884.

I have a soft spot for this map. Several years ago I lived in Glasgow for a season. Seeing the chart and recognizing place names threw me back in time to memories of the places. I stayed near the River Kelvin in the West End of Glasgow, and I spent many afternoons strolling on the paths along the river. I went to Clydebank by accident on my second day in the city; misdirection from Google Maps sent us on a thirty-minute bus ride west to a shopping center. I visited Helensburgh to tour Hill House, designed by renowned Glaswegian architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh. I wandered the City of Glasgow in rain, shine, hail, warmth, and cold. The chart represents these places I feel connected to in memory and experiences. But even more gripping is the fascinating history of the city, its industries, and how far-reaching Glasgow’s ships were throughout the British Empire. Stay tuned over the next few months for more!

Comments (3)

  1. This was a great article- what an amazing find!

  2. I am writing the story of the sinking of P&O SS Persia in 1915 and would like to contact The Shipping World & Herald of Commerce to seek permission to use the account of her building and launch (Caird and Co on the Clyde. Do you know who the legacy owner of this title is? I need to gain permission to use Vol. XXIII, No.367, London, 31st October 1900.
    My search so far has been long but fruitless and I wondered if you have any information about the current owner so that I can request permission to use the article. If you cannot I will understand but meanwhile will keep my fingers crossed. Loved the article

    • It looks like Shipping World and Herald of Commerce was also known as Shipping World & Shipbuilder – see
      That was published by Benn Publications (Ernest Benn Limited) in London. I tried tracing that but it got very confusing and nothing talked about the publication itself. However, I saw that Seven Kings Publications Ltd. and later (as of 2013) that the Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology ( may have been the owner — given what they do it does make a bit of sense that they own it. An issue from 2009 ( definitely puts them as the owner at that point.

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