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EU Month of Culture Spotlight: Italy

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As part of this year’s European Month of Culture, we focus on scholars from European Union member states who have conducted research at the Library of Congress Kluge Center.

Wish to apply for a fellowship at the Library? Applications are now being accepted for Kluge Fellowships. Scholars worldwide who have earned a terminal advanced degree within the past seven years are eligible. Apply today

Elia Andrea Corazza
Elia Andrea Corazza was a Kluge Fellow in 2014. Photo courtesy the scholar, used with permission.

Elia Andrea Corazza, Kluge Fellow

Scholar Elia Andrea Corazza arrived at the Library of Congress in fall 2014 to conduct research on legendary Italian composer Ottorino Respighi. In particular, Corazza wished to know more about Respighi’s collaboration with Russian impresario Serge Diaghilev, founder of the Ballets Russes, after World War I, in order to shed light on this period of music history and on Respighi’s life and career.

Corazza was well-suited for the task. A trained musicologist and musician from Bologna, Corazza earned his Ph.D. in musicology from the University of Bologna. Prior, he earned three separate master’s degrees in composition, orchestral conducting and pianoforte. He has conducted numerous orchestras and has composed his own pieces.

Corazza relied on the personal papers of Diaghilev held by the Library of Congress. Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes toured across Europe, the U.S. and South America, and collaborated with numerous artists, incorporating European operas into the performances, especially Italian ones. Diaghilev met Respighi in Rome in early 1917 and the pair discussed the production of a ballet based on a selection of little-known piano pieces composed by Gioacchino Rossini while in Paris at the end of the 19th century. Leonide Massine choreographed and danced the ballet using the most important European dances, like the French Can-can, the Italian Tarantella, the Polish Mazurka, the Viennese Waltz, the Russian Dance Cosaque. The result was a musical parody featuring caricatures of Italians, French and Germans titled La Boutique Fantasque, which premiered on June 5, 1919, at the Alhambra Theatre in London. One of the Ballets Russes’ most successful productions, it was performed over 300 times between 1919 and 1929.

Italy detail
Map of Italy. Image courtesy the CIA World Factbook. Source:

An intriguing collaboration between the two men occurred in 1920. The production was an adaptation of La Serva Padrona, an opera composed by Giovanni Paisiello at the court of Catherine II tsarina of Russia at the end of the 18th century, based on the libretto which was set to music by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi at the beginning of the 18th century. The orchestration of La Serva Padrona that Respighi made for Diaghilev in 1920 was never staged, however. The sheet music was held at Yale University in the F. R. Koch Collection, however several pages were missing and thought to be vanished forever. That is, until Corazza discovered them inside the Diaghilev papers here at the Library of Congress. With these missing manuscripts, Corazza was able to recreate Diaghilev and Respighi’s La Serva Padrona, and conduct the first-ever performance of it in Bologna—the city where Respighi was born. Corazza plans to direct the U.S. premiere of La Serva Padrona, along with the recently found ballets, in the United States in the near future, bringing this lost opera to life.

Learn more about Corazza’s work:

Italy map
Map of Europe with Italy highlighted. Image courtesy the CIA World Factbook. Source:

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More about the European Month of Culture can be found here or on social media at #EUMC2016.

Check back all month for additional posts in this series.

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