{ subscribe_url: '/share/sites/library-of-congress-blogs/law.php' }

Remembering the Ancestors for Indigenous People’s Day

Greetings from Piscataway/Pamunkey lands! As Indigenous Peoples Day approached, the blog team discussed writing about the holiday and a new program that is going to air soon. It seemed like a good time to remember some of the earlier residents of this country: the Ancestral Puebloans. Conservators have worked to preserve many of their dwellings in national parks, such as Chaco Canyon, Mesa Verde, and the Gila Cliff Dwellings. The Ancestral Puebloans were the forefathers and foremothers of modern Pueblo nations, such as Acoma, Laguna, Zia, ZuniSanta Ana, San Felipe, Santo Domingo, Cochiti, Jemez, Taos, Picuris, Sandia, Isleta, Santa Clara, Ohkay Owingeh, San Ildefonso, Nambé, Tesuque, and Pojoaque. For over 700 years since 12,000 B.C.E., Ancestral Puebloans lived in what is now known as the Four Corners region, long before European contact with the North American continent. These people were dry or floodwater farmers, primarily growing maize, and possessed “organizational and engineering abilities not seen anywhere else in the American Southwest.” The Mesa Verde National Park staff observed that, “By the Classic Period (A.D. 1100 to A.D. 1300), Ancestral Puebloans were heirs of a vigorous civilization, whose accomplishments in community living and the arts rank among the finest expressions of human culture in North America.”

Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon National Historical Park, New Mexico [photo by Rebecca Raupach]

Ever since cowboys first discovered the cliff dwellings in the 1880s, the sites have impressed visitors and drawn archaeologists. President Theodore Roosevelt, who made the conservation of American lands his legacy as the “conservation president, ” used his authority to protect over 230 million acres of public land and “establish[ing] 150 national forests, 51 federal bird reserves, 4 national game preserves, 5 national parks, and 18 national monuments by enabling the 1906 American Antiquities Act.” This act became law on June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225). As a further extension of President Roosevelt’s conservation goals, Congress passed an act to create Mesa Verde National Park; Roosevelt made a proclamation on March 11, 1907 making Chaco Canyon a national park (35 Stat 2119). The actions that Roosevelt and Congress took preserved these unique spaces and the cultural heritage of the continent.

Pueblo Bonito exhibit sign, Chaco Canyon National Historical Park, New Mexico [photo by Rebecca Raupach]

Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon National Historical Park, New Mexico [photo by Rebecca Raupach]

An Interview with Stephanie Crespo Méndez, Intern with the Digital Resources Division

Describe your background I was born and raised in Añasco, Puerto Rico, a small town on the west coast of the island. I was able to learn English while enrolled in a specialized bilingual school. I have a loving and supportive family who always encouraged me to pursue academic excellence. In addition, I am the eldest of […]

Congress.gov New, Tip, and Top for October 2018

We have had a busy month.  Dr. Hayden recently blogged about the CRS reports website.  Robert shared the news about our enhanced Congress.gov saved search email alerts.  He also posted about the new experimental Congress.gov Chrome browser extension. What’s new to Congress.gov in October? New Enhancements for October 2018 For this release the Congress.gov Enhancements include: Enhancement – Advanced Legislation Search – […]

Library of Congress Hall of Educators and Horace Mann – Pic of the Week

October 5th is World Teachers’ Day, an annual commemoration of the signing of the Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and International Labor Organization (ILO).  In honor of today, we bring you an interesting tie-in among education, the Library, and Congress. In the Jefferson Building […]

The Making of a Legal Cinnamon Bun

The following is a guest post by Elin Hofverberg, a Foreign Law Consultant for the Nordic countries. Elin is a prolific In Custodia Legis blogger and has blogged on an extensive array of legal topics, including Swedish Law – Global Legal Collection Highlights, FALQs: the Swedish Budget Process, 60 Years of Lego Building Blocks and Danish Patent Law; Finland: 100 Years […]

Viva la Causa! Dolores Huerta and Hispanic Heritage Month

During Hispanic Heritage Month, we remember Americans of Hispanic heritage who have positively shaped the society of the United States. Dolores Huerta is definitely a highlight on that list—and hers is a name prominent on lists of civil rights, women’s rights, immigration rights, and labor rights activists as well. If you listen to Ms. Huerta […]

District Court finds the Shipwreck Discovered off the Coast of Florida is la Trinité from the Lost French Colony of Fort Caroline

This post is coauthored by Nathan Dorn, rare book curator, and Robert Brammer, senior legal information specialist. We previously brought you a post on the discovery of a shipwreck off the coast of Cape Canaveral, Florida that was thought to be related to the lost French colony of Fort Caroline. Fort Caroline represented the first attempt by […]

Hurricane Maria and Its Lessons on Preservation

On September 20, 2017, Hurricane Maria ravaged Puerto Rico in the most catastrophic storm of island’s history since the Okeechobee Hurricane in 1928. The Category 4 storm entered through Yabucoa at 6:15 a.m., leaving behind massive destruction. Most of the island’s population was left without power, physical structures collapsed, and the people of Puerto Rico were devastated. […]

World Tourism Day and Air Passenger Rights

On September 27, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) annually celebrates World Tourism Day. The UNWTO is a UN specialized agency “responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.” One of its goals is to “advocate[e] the value of tourism as a driver of socioeconomic growth and development.” I personally enjoy travelling […]

Try the New Experimental Congress.gov Chrome Browser Extension

Have you ever found yourself reading a news story about legislation, and wished that you could quickly discover the primary source that the article discusses? With that use case in mind, we are excited to bring you an experimental, open source Google Chrome browser extension that will provide you with enhanced access to Congress.gov from third-party webpages, […]