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Remember, Remember the Fifth of November …

Remember, remember the Fifth of November

Gunpowder, treason and plot.

I see no reason why gunpowder, treason

Should ever be forgot.

This children’s nursery rhyme describes the biggest planned, albeit unsuccessful, incident of terrorism ever attempted in England and shows what long memories the British people have.

On November 5, 1605 in London, England a group of disaffected individuals, including the infamous Guy Fawkes, were caught attempting to detonate thirty-six barrels of gunpowder in the cellar of the Parliamentary buildings during the State Opening.  If these barrels had been successfully detonated, they would have likely obliterated all the Members of the House of Commons, the House of Lords, the Royal Family, including the heir, and the Bishops of the time.  Guy Fawkes was arrested and sent to the Tower of London where he was reportedly tortured to name his co-conspirators and confess to his crime – a copy of his confession can be seen online via the UK National Archives.

After a trial,  Guy Fawkes and some of his associates were sentenced to death by being hung, drawn, and quartered, a particularly nasty form of capital punishment that has been most notably depicted by Mel Gibson in the movie Braveheart.  This brutal mode of death that involved dragging the persons on wooden boards to the place of execution, then hanging them, but without a drop so their necks did not break and they remained alive whilst they choked.  The convicted persons were then taken to a bench, still alive, where they were disemboweled and emasculated.  They were then beheaded and cut into four pieces, with their heads placed on spikes in London as a warning to others.

 

The anniversary of this event is celebrated each year across the UK (and New Zealand, as fellow blogger Kelly Buchanan informs me) and is commonly referred to as “Bonfire Night” or “Guy Fawkes Night.”  Children make effigies of Guy Fawkes who is then burned on top of large bonfires.   If you’ve ever heard the phrase “penny for the Guy” (say it with a thick cockney accent and it may ring a bell) this is where it originates – in the days before Bonfire Night, children make Guys (I have to be honest, they do look a little like deformed scarecrows) and then take them around the towns asking for a “penny for the Guy.”  As a child I did not do that, but I do think that the phrase should take into account inflation.  We’re seriously short-changing British children now.

Perhaps I’m a little macabre, but I frequently refer to this case when describing how the laws of the UK have evolved with regard to addressing threats of terrorism.  The Guy Fawkes case was fairly quickly resolved – it took less than two months from the time of discovery to his execution.  The anti-terrorism laws have changed considerably since that time, as have the methods of punishment.

3 Comments

  1. judyavelsor
    November 3, 2010 at 8:22 pm

    When you consider treason you have to realize / government at risk. However if you are talking about outsiders coming in and then taking control of the country from within I believe no just patriot should ever sit back and watch their country be victims of hate or subj. it’s citizens to violence as was done in Germany, etc.
    We here in our USA have been blessed. Now find people wanting to change or poss. worse our country. I believe it is every citizens duty to try to do whatever they can to see that all injustice and dangers are brought to light. Such as Sharia law here.
    It does not belong in America. We should immediately stop all immigration of Muslims to protect our way of life and our country..

  2. Cat
    November 5, 2012 at 1:02 pm

    This day is sadly being used for hackers to try to attack. That said, this event is why the US has due process rights written into the constitution, to stop this feeling of repression. This is a lesson most students never learn or remember.

  3. scampello
    November 5, 2012 at 1:41 pm

    Perhaps judyavelsor would like to ban the immigration of Roman Catholics because they are bound to follow the direction of the Pope and are also a threat to civil society in the sense that she suggests. Not all Muslims are radicals and not all Muslims are strict adherents to whatever strictures of Sharia law that are advocated by those radical groups. Not all Catholics and members of scores of other groups are adherents to the most radical tenets of the most conservative elements of their faiths. Where would she like to conveniently draw the line on immigration? Such a viewpoint in pre-revolutionary America would have excluded the Pilgrims as a radical group.

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