The emergence of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is a recent phenomenon. E-cigarettes are battery-operated products that typically resemble conventional cigarettes. Instead of tobacco, they contain cartridges filled with liquids that are generally composed of nicotine, flavor, and other chemicals. During consumption, the liquids are heated and thereby vaporize.
Because e-cigarettes are relatively new and potential risks are still unknown, legal regulation around the globe varies widely. For example, starting in 2016, the UK will regulate e-cigarettes as medicinal products; whereas France plans to make them subject to the same restrictions as tobacco products. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has also proposed a new rule to extend its tobacco authority to include e-cigarettes.
The report focuses on the legal age for the use of e-cigarettes, their legal classification, and future developments. It explains that e-cigarettes in Germany are currently not subjected to any age-related access restrictions. Furthermore, it examines the recent ruling of the German Federal Administrative Court which decided that nicotine-containing liquids in electronic cigarettes are not medicinal products and therefore can be sold without approval in accordance with the Medicinal Products Act.
In addition, the report discusses whether such liquids are covered by tobacco regulations and antismoking laws and points out the differing approaches of German states and cities. It concludes with a section on European Union regulation and a description of the initiative from the German Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizen, Youth, and Women and the Ministry of Food and Agriculture to expand age-related access restrictions to e-cigarettes.
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