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Canada Day, July 1. Sesquicentennial of Confederation.

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Editorial concerning the new Dominion, from July 1867 issue of The Upper Canada Law Journal (New Series)
The Dominion of Canada. The Upper Canada Law Journal, New Series, July, 1867.  Image by Jim Martin

Saturday is the 150th anniversary of the organization of the Dominion of Canada. Confederation was a product of the work of the Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences of 1864, the London Conference of 1866, and the passage of the British North America Act of 1867 by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.  Four provinces comprised the confederation in 1867:  New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Québec.  Within a few years five more provinces would be formed. The most recent province added,  Newfoundland and Labrador,  joined after World War II in 1949.

Like the United States, Canada also has territories which exercise substantial self-government. Also like the United States, Canada has a national legislative library, the Library of Parliament. It also has two national libraries, one of which is the Library and Archives Canada.

Happy birthday, Canada!


  1. Thanks Jim (from a Librarian at the Library of Parliament). We’ve started our preps for the big party on July 1st… if you can get to I’m sure they will stream it.

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