Friday, October 27, marks the 335th anniversary of the founding of the city of Philadelphia by William Penn. In 1681 Penn received a royal charter for a portion of an area that had been recently annexed from the Dutch. As part of establishing the city he met with representatives of the local Lenape tribe and signed a treaty of purchase. In 1701 he granted the inhabitants of his new city a municipal charter. In the same year he granted the Charter of Privileges, which included advanced concepts such as the right for a criminal defendant to be represented by counsel.
During the colonial era, Philadelphia was a major port and cultural center. The city’s first newspaper opened in 1719; in the early 1720s Benjamin Franklin relocated to the city. Franklin would have an outsize role in the development of the city’s civic and cultural institutions including the establishment of the famed fire brigade. In the 1770s Philadelphia played a leading role in the War for American Independence by hosting the First and Second Continental Congresses. Deliberations over the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution both occurred at Independence Hall. Philadelphia served as the capital of the new federal government from 1790 to 1800, after which the seat of government was relocated to it’s permanent location in Washington, D.C. Today the city is a major center for education, health care, banking and manufacturing.
Pictured above is the first page of the charter of Philadelphia granted by Penn in 1701. The charter is part of a collection of Pennsylvania provincial documents that was printed by Franklin’s print shop in 1742.
Happy birthday, Philadelphia!