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Ornate red and ivory wall decoration, with plaque and symbols

The Declaration of Independence in Foreign Languages

Posted by: Jenny Gesley

In preparation for the upcoming Independence Day celebration tomorrow, we thought it might be interesting to show that there is also an international dimension to this national holiday. The Declaration of Independence is regarded as one of the milestone documents that shaped America, but it also had a major influence abroad. After the Continental Congress approved the …

Ornate red and ivory wall decoration, with plaque and symbols

The Tale of a Presidential Term in France

Posted by: Jenny Gesley

This is a guest post by Nicolas Boring who has previously written for In Custodia Legis on a variety of topics including The Protection of Champagne Wine, FALQs: Freedom of Speech in France, How Sunday Came to be a Day of Rest in France, Napoleon Bonaparte and Mining Rights in France, French Law – Global Legal Collection Highlights, and co-collaborated …

Ornate red and ivory wall decoration, with plaque and symbols

150-Year Anniversary of the Adoption of the Constitution of the North German Confederation

Posted by: Jenny Gesley

The North German Confederation (Norddeutscher Bund) is generally considered the first modern German Federation. Before that time, there were 39 different sovereign states, varying in size, that were loosely associated in the German Confederation (Deutscher Bund). The North German Federation came into existence with the adoption of the Constitution of the North German Confederation by the German Reichstag …

Ornate red and ivory wall decoration, with plaque and symbols

The Trade Embargo Behind the Swedish Jokkmokk Sami Market

Posted by: Elin Hofverberg

On the first weekend of February, in each year dating back to the 1600s, Sami traders gather at the Jokkmokk Market in Jokkmokk to trade their goods internationally. This year marked the 412th hosting of the annual market. Although I have yet to attend, its history fascinates me and I wanted to share it with you. Trade with …

Ornate red and ivory wall decoration, with plaque and symbols

Lèse-Majesté in Germany – A Relic of a Long-Gone Era?

Posted by: Jenny Gesley

In the summer of 2016, a little known provision of the German criminal code received international attention when it was invoked by the Turkish government on behalf of the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdo─čan who felt insulted by a poem written by the German satirist Jan Böhmermann. According to section 103 of the German Criminal Code, …