Today, January 10, 2020 is the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the League of Nations. The idea of an international coalition had been discussed in the 19th century but more attention to the idea developed during World War I when organizations in the United Kingdom and the United States (the League to Enforce Peace and the League of Nations) discussed the need for an institution that encouraged collective security. President Woodrow Wilson summed up the aims of the proposed league in his famous Fourteen Points speech to a joint session of the U.S. Congress. Wilson was also instrumental in drafting the covenant that established the League, but he could not persuade the U.S. Senate to approve the Treaty of Versailles or become a member of the League.
Although the U.S. was not a member of the League, the Law Library of Congress holds the League of Nations treaties in our collections. The indexes to the treaties are in the Reading Room while the text of the treaties, which are in both English and French, are in closed stacks and can ordered by patrons through the Automated Call Slip system. The United Nations provides access to digital versions of the treaties.