Update: As promised, we are updating this guide today, March 27, 2020, with links to additional legislation (H.R.748), presidential actions, CRS reports, U.S. and state government resources and Law Library Global Legal Monitor Articles. The updates have (new) at end of the entry so the added content is easy to identify.
This is intended as a guide to laws, regulations and executive actions in the United States, at both the federal and the state level, and in various countries with respect to the new coronavirus and its spread. We are also including links to Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports that provide information to Congress about the novel coronavirus. In addition, we provide links to relevant federal agency websites. We intend to update this guide on at least a weekly basis for the immediate future.
United States Legislation
H.R.748, (CARES) Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (signed by the President) (new)
Proposed legislation relating to the novel coronavirus can be searched through the Library’s Congress.gov website. You can search for legislation through the homepage or explore other Search methods. Here is a broad starter query that finds current legislation about COVID-19 You can then set up Alerts so you are notified any time there is an action on a bill.
- Executive Order 13909, 85 F.R. 16227, Prioritizing and Allocating Health and Medical Resources to Respond to the Spread of COVID-19 (new)
- Presidential Memorandum Providing Federal Support for Governors’ Use of the National Guard to Respond to COVID-19 (new)
- Proclamation No. 9996, 85 F.R. 15341: Suspension of Entry of Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (applied to persons traveling to the U.S. who have been in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland within the preceding 14 days)
- Proclamation No. 9994, 85 F.R. 15337: Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Novel Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) Outbreak
- Presidential Memorandum, 85 F.R. 15049: Making General Use Respirators Available
- Proclamation No.9993, 85 F.R. 15045 : Suspension of Entry of Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (applied to persons traveling to the U.S. who have been in the Schengen Area within the preceding 14 days)
- Proclamation No.9992, 85 F.R. 12855: Suspension of Entry of Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (applied to persons traveling to the U.S. who have been in the Islamic Republic of Iran within the preceding 14 days)
- Proclamation No. 9984, 85 F.R. 6709: Suspension of Entry of Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (applied to persons traveling to the U.S. who have been the People’s Republic of China in the preceding 14 days, excluding Macau and Hong Kong)
U.S. Government Agencies
State Government Information
You can use the Law Library’s Guide to Law Online for U.S. States and Territories to locate information about state actions taken in response to the novel coronavirus. Each state or territory has its own page in the Guide: see for example New Mexico. Each state page is organized in the same way with links divided into the various categories such as Constitution or Executive. Links to a state governor’s office and state administrative regulations can be found under the Executive header on each page while existing laws and pending state legislation can be found under the Legislative header .
The American Institute of CPAs (AICPA) has created a page with information about State Tax Filing Guidance during the novel coronavirus Pandemic.
Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports
CRS reports can be accessed and searched from a link on the Congress.gov homepage. To date, CRS has published 43 reports relating to the Coronavirus. We are listing some of the more recent reports below but here is a link to the full list of reports.
- COVID-19 and Direct Payments to Individuals: Estimated Impact of Recovery Rebates in H.R.748 on Family Incomes (new)
- COVID-19: State and Local Shut-Down Orders and Exemption for Critical Infrastructure (new)
- COVID-19: The Potential Role of TANF in Addressing the Economic Effects (new)
- The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act – Tax Relief for Individuals and Businesses (new)
- Unemployment Insurance Provisions in the CARES Act (H.R.748 as Amended) (new)
- Financial Industry and Consumers Struggling to Pay Bill during COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Outbreak
- Payroll Tax Cuts as an Economic Stimulus as a Response to Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
- Tax Credit for Paid Sick and Family Leave in the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (H.R.6201)
- Development and Regulation of Domestic Diagnostic Testing for Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19): Frequently Asked Questions
- COVID-19 and Broadband: Potential Implications for the Digital Divide
- COVID-19: Potential Economic Effects
Law Library Posts
- FALQs: India’s Government Response to COVID-19 (Novel Coronavirus)
- Recent Legislation Enacted by Italy to Tackle Covid-19
- FALQs: Pandemic Management Strategies and Powers in New Zealand
- FALQs: Spain’s Legal Framework Applicable to the Coronavirus Explained
- FALQs: Spreading Rumors and Police Reprimand Under Chinese Law
- FALQs: Measures to Control Infectious Diseases Under Chinese Law
Law Library Global Legal Monitor Articles
- Israel: Supreme Court Rules Coronavirus Pandemic Does Not Justify Delay in Electing Knesset Speaker (new)
- Turkey: Government Takes Extraordinary Administrative Measures for the Coronavirus Pandemic (new)
- Sweden: Government Temporarily Amends Sick Leave During Coronavirus Outbreak (new)
- Belgium Adopts Confinement Methods to Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus (new)
- Norway: Government Prohibits Staying in Vacation Properties Outside of Home Municipality over Coronavirus Spread (new)
- China: Legislative Decision Passed to Punish Trade and Consumption of Wild Animals amid COVID-19 Epidemic
- United States: President Signs Families First Coronavirus Response Act into Law, Making Available Emergency Supplemental Appropriations
- Israel: Emergency Regulations Authorize Digital Surveillance of Coronavirus Patients and Persons Subjected to Home Isolation
- France: Government Imposes Confinement Measures to Stem Spread of Coronovirus
- Austria: Government Tightens Rules to Contain Spread of Coronavirus
- Switzerland: Government Adopts More Stringent Measures to Contain Spread of Coronavirus
- Israel: New Guidelines Limit Public Gatherings to 100 People, Increase Isolation Requirements for Any Person with Fever or Respiratory Symptoms
- Austria: Government Issues Several Regulations to Contain Spread of Coronavirus
- Israel: Police and Ministry of Health Will Jointly Supervise Mandatory Quarantine for Designated Persons; Interactive Countrywide Coronavirus Exposure Map Posted
- Japan: Cabinet Issues Orders Relating to Infectious Disease Control Act and Quarantine Act
- International: International Civil Aviation Organization Adopts COVID-19 Declaration
- Israel: New Rules Require 14 Days of Quarantine for All Persons Entering the Country
- Sweden: Swedish Transport Agency Revoke’s IranAir’s Right to Operate in Sweden Over Coronavirus Threat
- England: Coronavirus Declared “Serious and Imminent Threat” to Public Health; Regulations Passed to Enable Detention and Isolation
- Switzerland: Government Prohibits Mass Events to Contain Spread of Coronavirus
- Philippines: Criminal Charges Filed over Misinformation on Coronavirus
- Philippines: National Bureau of Investigation Directed to Pursue Misinformation on Coronavirus
Users can search for GLM articles using Topics including “Epidemics” or “Infectious or parasitic diseases.” Users can also set up RSS feeds by Topic or Country and receive an alert when a new article is published.
Law Library of Congress Legal Reports
- Legal Responses to Health Emergencies (25 countries). This report was published five years ago and we suggest you check our GLM and blog articles for additional information about new laws and regulations issued for any of the countries covered in this report.
As always, if you have any questions, please contact us through Ask a Librarian.