Once again we have updated this guide as of today, May 8, 2020. These updates include new presidential actions and a link from the IRS for additional information on the stimulus checks. We have added links to information under the State Government section as well highlighted some of the recent CRS reports and new blog posts from the Law Library. We have added a selected number of new Global Legal Monitor (GLM) articles from the Law Library. The division has produced so many article that rather than listing them all in this guide, we suggest you follow the search instructions for GLM articles. We have also added a new Law Library report about virtual trials in 25 countries
These updates have (new) at the end of the entry so the added content is easy to identify. The date of the new content also appears so it will be easy to identify when material is added. The date for the content added in the last three weeks also remains and we will continue to provide dates for all information as it is added going forward.
This is intended as a guide to laws, regulations and executive actions in the United States, at both the federal and the state level, and in various countries with respect to the new coronavirus and its spread. We are also including links to Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports that provide information to Congress about the novel coronavirus. In addition, we provide links to relevant federal agency websites. We intend to update this guide on at least a weekly basis for the immediate future.
United States Legislation
U.S. Government Agencies
State Government Information
US State Courts
Law Library Blogs
Law Library GLM articles
Law Library Reports
Public Law 116-139, Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act (added 4/27/2020)
Public Law 116-136, (CARES) Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act
Public Law 116-127, Families First Coronavirus Response Act
Public Law 116-123, Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act
Proposed legislation relating to the novel coronavirus can be searched through the Library’s Congress.gov website. You can search for legislation through the homepage or explore other Search methods. Here is a broad starter query that finds current legislation about COVID-19 You can then set up Alerts so you are notified any time there is an action on a bill.
You can also use Congress.gov to explore the Most-Viewed bills, check the Congressional Record or look up your members.
April 2020 Actions
- Presidential Memorandum, 85 F.R. 26317, Providing Continued Federal Support for Governors’ Use of the National Guard to Respond to COVID-19 and to Facilitate Economy Recovery (new 5/8/2020)
- Executive Order 13917, 85 F.R. 26313, on Delegating Authority under the DPA with Respect to Food Supply Chain Resources During the National Emergency Caused by the Outbreak of COVID-19 (new 5/8/2020)
- Presidential Memorandum on Authorizing the Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training Program for Major Disaster Declarations Related to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (new 5/8/2020)
- Presidential Proclamation Suspending Entry of Immigrants Who Present Risk to U.S. Labor Market During the Economic Recovery Following the COVID-19 Outbreak (added 4/27/2020)
- Presidential Memorandum, 85 F.R. 23203, Providing Continued Federal Support for Governors’ Use of the National Guard to Respond to COVID-19 and to Facilitate Economy Recovery (added 4/27/2020)
- Executive Order 13916, 85 F.R. 22951, National Emergency Authority to Temporarily Extend Deadlines for Certain Estimated Payments (added 4/27/2020)
- Presidential Memorandum, 85 F.R. 21737, Providing Federal Support for Governors’ Use of the National Guard to Respond to COVID-19 (added 4/17/2020)
- Presidential Memorandum on Providing COVID-19 Assistance to the Italian Republic (added 4/17/2020)
- Presidential Memorandum, 85 F.R. 21735, Authorizing the Exercise of Authority under Public Law 85-804 (added 4/17/2020)
- Presidential Memorandum, 85 F.R. 20383, Providing Federal Support for Governors’ Use of the National Guard to Respond to COVID-19
March 2020 Actions
- Presidential Memorandum, 85 F.R. 18411, Providing Federal Support for Governors’ Use of the National Guard to Respond to COVID-19, March 30, 2020
- Presidential Memorandum, 85 F.R. 18409, Providing Federal Support for Governors’ Use of the National Guard to Respond to COVID-19, March 28, 2020
- Executive Order 13912, 85 F.R.18407, National Emergency Authority to Order the Selected Reserve and Certain Members of the Individual Ready Reserve of the Armed Forces to Active Duty
- Executive Order 13911, 85 F.R. 18403, Delegating Additional Authority Under the Defense Production Act with Respect to Health and Medical Resources to Respond to the Spread of COVID-19
- Executive Order 13909, 85 F.R. 16227, Prioritizing and Allocating Health and Medical Resources to Respond to the Spread of COVID-19
- Presidential Memorandum Providing Federal Support for Governors’ Use of the National Guard to Respond to COVID-19
- Proclamation No. 9996, 85 F.R. 15341: Suspension of Entry of Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (applied to persons traveling to the U.S. who have been in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland within the preceding 14 days)
- Proclamation No. 9994, 85 F.R. 15337: Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Novel Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) Outbreak
- Presidential Memorandum, 85 F.R. 15049: Making General Use Respirators Available
- Proclamation No. 9993, 85 F.R. 15045 : Suspension of Entry of Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (applied to persons traveling to the U.S. who have been in the Schengen Area within the preceding 14 days)
- Proclamation No. 9992, 85 F.R. 12855: Suspension of Entry of Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (applied to persons traveling to the U.S. who have been in the Islamic Republic of Iran within the preceding 14 days)
February 2020 Actions
- Proclamation No. 9984, 85 F.R. 6709: Suspension of Entry of Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (applied to persons traveling to the U.S. who have been the People’s Republic of China in the preceding 14 days, excluding Macau and Hong Kong)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Coronavirus.gov
Benefits.gov Help Center and Coronavirus Resources
Department of Education: Coronavirus and Forbearance Info for Students, Borrowers and Parents
Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Information on Coronavirus Scams and How to Report Scams
Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Coronavirus Tax Relief
IRS Economic Impact Payments: What You Need to Know
IRS Economic Impact Payment Information Center (added 4/17/2020)
IRS Stimulus Check Payment Portal (added 4/17/2020)
IRS Non-Filers Tools for Payment Information (new 5/8/2020)
Department of Labor (DOL) Coronavirus Resources
DOL Temporary Rule: Paid Leave under the Families First Coronavirus Response Act
DOL Families First Coronavirus Response Act: Employer Paid Leave Requirements
DOL Families First Coronavirus Response Act: Employee Paid Leave Rights
Medicare Information on Coverage for COVID-19 tests and Treatments
Small Business Administration Coronavirus Relief Options
Small Business Administration Paycheck Protection Program (added 4/27/2020)
U.S. Department of Treasury Deferral of 2019 Tax Payments
Department of the Treasury: Paycheck Protection Loan Program for Small Businesses
State Government Information
You can use the Law Library’s Guide to Law Online for U.S. States and Territories to locate information about state actions taken in response to the novel coronavirus. Each state or territory has its own page in the Guide: see for example New Mexico. Each state page is organized in the same way with links divided into the various categories such as Constitution or Executive. Links to a state governor’s office and state administrative regulations can be found under the Executive header on each page while existing laws and pending state legislation can be found under the Legislative header.
For information on the operating status of your state court, you can look for information on your state guide page under the Judicial section header. In the case of New Mexico, we looked down this list for a link to the state court system, New Mexico State Judiciary. (added 4/27/2020)
ABA Disaster Relief Pro Bono Portal (new 5/8/2020)
CareerOneStop (sponsored by DOL) – provides information on state unemployment benefits
Council of State Government (CSG): COVID-19 Resources for State Leaders
Lawfare Quarantine and Isolation Authorities in States Affected by COVID-19
The American Institute of CPAs (AICPA) has created a page with information about State Tax Filing Guidance during the novel coronavirus Pandemic.
National Center for State Courts: Pandemic Preparedness (new 5/8/2020)
National Conference on State Legislatures State Action on Coronavirus (COVID-19)
National Conference of State Legislature (NCSL) COVID-19 Stimulus Bill: What It Means for States
National Governors Association Coronavirus: What You Need to Know (new 5/8/2020)
US State Courts (added 4/27/2020)
The U.S. Supreme Court’s Clerk of the Court’s office has issued guidance regarding filing documents and oral arguments.
The U.S. Courts website has provided information about the operating status, court appearances and hearings, and filings. Click on the link for federal appellate, district or bankruptcy court to view a list and then select the link for the specific court for which information is needed.
Congressional Research Service Reports
CRS reports can be accessed and searched from a link on the Congress.gov homepage. We are listing some of the more recent reports below but here is a link to the full list of reports (new link) prepared by CRS and organized by topic.
- COVID-19: The Employee Retention Tax Credit (new 5/8/2020)
- Unauthorized Immigrants Eligiblity for COVID-19 Relief Benefits: In Brief (new 5/8/2020)
- COVID-19 Related Loan Assistance for Agricultural Enterprises (new 5/8/2020)
- Larger Businesses and COVID-19: Financial Relief and Assistance Resources (new 5/8/2020)
- The Child Support Federal Tax Offset of CARES Act Economic Impact Statements (added 4/27/2020)
- COVID-19 Testing: Key Issues (added 4/27/2020)
- COVID-19: Financial Relief and Assistance Resources for Consumers (added 4/27/2020)
- Older Children, Adult Dependents, and Eligibility for the 2020 Recovery Rebates (added 4/27/2020)
- COVID-19 and Direct Payments to Individuals: Federal Tax Offset for Past-Due Child Support (added 4/17/2020)
- COVID-19 and the Indian Health Services (added 4/17/2020)
- Constitutional Considerations of Remote Voting Congress (added 4/17/2020)
- COVID-19: The Drug Enforcement Administration’s Regulatory Role
- CARES Act Higher Education Provisions
- CARES Act Eviction Moratorium
- COVID-19: Support for Mortgage Lenders and Servicers
- Community Development Block Grants and the CARES Act
- COVID-19 and Stock Market Stress
- COVID-19 Stimulus Assistance to Small Businesses: Issues and Policy Options
- COVID-19 and Direct Payments to Individuals: Summary of the Recovery Rebates/Economic Impact Payments in the CARES Act (PL116-136)
- COVID-19 and Direct Payments to Individuals: Will Social Security and Supplemental Security Income Beneficiaries Receive the Recovery Rebate in the CARES Act
- COVID-19 and Direct Payments to Individuals: Estimated Impact of Recovery Rebates in H.R.748 on Family Incomes
- COVID-19: State and Local Shut-Down Orders and Exemption for Critical Infrastructure
- COVID-19: The Potential Role of TANF in Addressing the Economic Effects
- The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act – Tax Relief for Individuals and Businesses
- Unemployment Insurance Provisions in the CARES Act (H.R.748 as Amended)
- Financial Industry and Consumers Struggling to Pay Bill during COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Outbreak
- Payroll Tax Cuts as an Economic Stimulus as a Response to Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
- Tax Credit for Paid Sick and Family Leave in the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (H.R.6201)
- Development and Regulation of Domestic Diagnostic Testing for Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19): Frequently Asked Questions
- COVID-19 and Broadband: Potential Implications for the Digital Divide
- COVID-19: Potential Economic Effects
- Israel Security Agency Surveillance to Trace COVID-19 Patients and Contacts Scrutinized (new 5/8/2020)
- Restrictions on Movement due to the Coronavirus Pandemic Across England – Part I (new 5/8/2020)
- Liberia Government Measures to Contain the Spread of COVID-19 (new 5/8/2020)
- South African Government Measures to Contain the Spread of COVID-19 and Mitigate Damages (added 4/17/2020)
- FALQs: India’s Government Response to COVID-19 (Novel Coronavirus)
- Recent Legislation Enacted by Italy to Tackle Covid-19
- FALQs: Pandemic Management Strategies and Powers in New Zealand
- FALQs: Spain’s Legal Framework Applicable to the Coronavirus Explained
- FALQs: Spreading Rumors and Police Reprimand Under Chinese Law
- FALQs: Measures to Control Infectious Diseases Under Chinese Law
Users can search for GLM articles using Topics including “Epidemics” or “Infectious or parasitic diseases.” Users can also set up RSS feeds by Topic or Country and receive an alert when a new article is published.
- Malawi: High Court Temporarily Blocks COVID-19 Lockdown (new 5/8/2020)
- Jordan: Government Takes Steps Aimed at Curbing COVID-19 Outbreak (new 5/8/2020)
- Uganda: Government Measures to Slow the Spread of COVID-19 (new 5/8/2020)
- Israel: Minister of Health Issues Guidelines on Use of Cameras in COVID-19 Hospital Units (new 5/8/2020)
- Pakistan: Federal Government Introduces Ordinance to Ban Food Hoarding by Traders Capitalizing on COVID-19 Panic (new 5/8/2020)
- South Africa: Directions for Court Operations During COVID-19 Lockdown Issued (added 4/27/2020)
- Israel: Live Broadcasting of Supreme Court Hearing Authorized During COVID-19 Emergency (added 4/17/2020)
- Israel: Videoconferencing Pilot in Civil Trials Authorized due to COVID-19 Pandemic (added 4/17/2020)
- Arab Gulf Countries Adopt Preventive Measures Aimed at COVID-19 Pandemic (added 4/17/2020)
- Egypt: Authorities Adopt Preventive and Relief Measures Aimed at COVID-19 Outbreak
- Israel: COVID-19 Social Distancing Requirements Tightened
- Israel: Supreme Court Rules Coronavirus Pandemic Does Not Justify Delay in Electing Knesset Speaker
- Turkey: Government Takes Extraordinary Administrative Measures for the Coronavirus Pandemic
- Israel: Emergency Regulations Authorize Digital Surveillance of Coronavirus Patients and Persons Subjected to Home Isolation
- Israel: New Guidelines Limit Public Gatherings to 100 People, Increase Isolation Requirements for Any Person with Fever or Respiratory Symptoms
- Israel: Police and Ministry of Health Will Jointly Supervise Mandatory Quarantine for Designated Persons; Interactive Countrywide Coronavirus Exposure Map Posted
- Israel: New Rules Require 14 Days of Quarantine for All Persons Entering the Country
- Singapore: COVID-19 Control Orders Extended to June 1 (new 5/8/2020)
- New Zealand: Court of Appeal and Supreme Court Issue Protocol for Remote Hearings During COVID-19 Restrictions (new 5/8/2020)
- Philippines: President Granted Temporary Extraordinary Powers to Combat COVID-19 (5/8/2020)
- Taiwan: Special COVID-19 Law Revised to Increase Economic Relief Budget (new 5/8/2020)
- New Zealand; Singapore: New Declaration on Trade in Essential Goods for Combating the COVID-19 Pandemic (added 4/27/2020)
- Indonesia: Spread of COVID-19 Declared a National Disaster (added 4/27/2020)
- Australia: New Senate Committee to Examine Response to COVID-19 Pandemic (added 4/17/2020)
- Singapore: Government Distributes Reusable Masks to All Households
- China: Legislative Decision Passed to Punish Trade and Consumption of Wild Animals amid COVID-19 Epidemic
- Japan: Cabinet Issues Orders Relating to Infectious Disease Control Act and Quarantine Act
- Philippines: Criminal Charges Filed over Misinformation on Coronavirus
- Philippines: National Bureau of Investigation Directed to Pursue Misinformation on Coronavirus
- Norway: Launches Mobile App to Track and Stem Spread of COVID-19 (new 5/8/2020)
- Switzerland: Videoconferencing in Civil Trials Authorized Due to COVID-19 (new 5/8/2020)
- Norway: Supreme Court Holds First Web-Based Court Hearing (added 4/27/2020)
- Sweden: Swedish Parliament Gives Swedish Government Temporary Emergency Powers Because of COVID-19 Outbreak (added 4/27/2020)
- European Union: Parliament Temporarily Allows Remote Participation to Avoid Speading COVID-19 (added 4/27/2020)
- Germany: Parliament Changes Rules of Procedure to Ensure Functioning During COVID-19 Pandemic (added 4/17/2020)
- Finland: Government Further Restricts Travel in Effort to Stem Spread of COVID-19 (added 4/17/2020)
- Norway: New Regulation Adopted Reducing Right to In-Person Court Hearings, Increasing Web-Based Participation
- Italy: New Regulations Setting Further Measures to Tackle Coronavirus Pandemic Enter into Effect
- Italy: New Regulations Granting Government Funds to Companies During the Coronavirus Pandemic Enter into Effect
- Austria: Government Makes Wearing Protective Masks for Grocery Shopping Mandatory to Prevent Spread of COVID-19
- Finland: Parliament Approves Quarantine of Capital Region
- Greenland: Local Government Temporarily Prohibits Sale of Alcohol During Coronavirus Outbreak
- France: Government Adopts Law Declaring and Defining a “State of Health Emergency”
- Sweden: Government Temporarily Amends Sick Leave During Coronavirus Outbreak
- Belgium Adopts Confinement Methods to Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus
- Norway: Government Prohibits Staying in Vacation Properties Outside of Home Municipality over Coronavirus Spread
- France: Government Imposes Confinement Measures to Stem Spread of Coronavirus
- Austria: Government Tightens Rules to Contain Spread of Coronavirus
- Switzerland: Government Adopts More Stringent Measures to Contain Spread of Coronavirus
- Austria: Government Issues Several Regulations to Contain Spread of Coronavirus
- Sweden: Swedish Transport Agency Revoke’s IranAir’s Right to Operate in Sweden Over Coronavirus Threat
- England: Coronavirus Declared “Serious and Imminent Threat” to Public Health; Regulations Passed to Enable Detention and Isolation
- Switzerland: Government Prohibits Mass Events to Contain Spread of Coronavirus
Central and Latin America
- Columbia: Congress to Vote on Legislation in Virtual Session (new 5/8/2020)
- Panama: Law on Congressional Virtual Session Enacted (new 5/8/2020)
- Mexico: President Urges Approval of Amnesty Law Because of Coronavirus Infection Risk in Prisons (added 4/27/2020)
- Chile: Senate Adopts Protocol for Virtual Committee Sessions (added 4/27/2020)
- Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Confirms Concurrent Powers of Federal Government, States, Federal District and Municipalities to Fight COVID-19 (added 4/27/2020)
- Mexico: Mexico City and Many Mexican States Make Wearing Mask Mandatory on Public Transit (added 4/27/2020)
- Brazil: Ministry of Health Authorizes Telemedicine During the Coronavirus Pandemic (added 4/17/2020)
- United States: President Signs Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act (added 4/23/2020)
- United States: President Signs Families First Coronavirus Response Act into Law, Making Available Emergency Supplemental Appropriations
- Virtual Civil Trials (new 5/8/2020)
- Continuity of Legislative Activities during an Emergency
- Legal Responses to Health Emergencies (25 countries). This report was published five years ago and we suggest you check our GLM and blog articles for additional information about new laws and regulations issued for any of the countries covered in this report.
As always, if you have any questions, please contact us through Ask a Librarian.
We have updated the guide today, April 27, 2020 with the new law which has been passed, Public Law 116-139, the Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act. We have also added recent presidential actions, and additional federal government links. We have added a section with information on the operating status of federal courts. We also updated the Law Library’s Global Legal Monitor section with several articles including some on actions being taken in Central and Latin American and one about the new U.S. law signed by the president. These updates have (new) at the end of the entry so the added content is easy to identify. The date of the new content also appears so it will be easy to identify when material is added. The date for the content added last week also remains and we will continue to provide dates for all information as it is added going forward.
Today, April 17, 2020 we are again updating this Resource Guide. We have added additional presidential actions, Federal and state government resources, Law Library blogs and Global Legal Monitor (GLM) articles. These updates have (new) at the end of the entry so the added content is easy to identify. Beginning this week we are also adding the date to the new content so it will be easy to identify when material is added.
Because this guide keeps growing, we have added a table of contents which will link readers to specific section headings thanks to help from Robert. We have also broken out presidential actions by month; and organized U.S. government agency and state government information alphabetically except for the CDC coronavirus link which is the first listed link in the U.S. government agency section.
Finally, we wanted to bring to your attention a webinar the Law Library’s foreign specialist are hosting next Thursday, April 23, 2020, on Fighting Pandemics.
As promised we are continuing our weekly update to this guide. For this April 10, 2020 update, we have added a new presidential memorandum and links to U.S. government websites, including one with information from the Department of Education about student loan forbearance. We have also added links to new resources which compile information on state government orders and actions. We identified and included new CRS reports which may be of interest as well as new GLM reports from the Law Library’s foreign legal specialists. All these updates have (new) at the end of the entry so the added content is easy to identify.
We are once again updating this guide today, April 3, 2020. We are providing the Public Law number for H.R.748 and links to recent presidential actions. We have added a link which lists all the Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports on this topic as well as links to additional Federal agency websites including IRS and Small Business Administration. We have included resources for information about quarantine orders in the states as well as state unemployment resources. We have added additional Law Library Global Legal Monitor (GLM) articles and organized these by region. These updates have (new) at the end of the entry so the added content is easy to identify.
As promised, we are updating this guide today, March 27, 2020, with links to additional legislation (H.R.748), presidential actions, CRS reports, U.S. and state government resources and Law Library Global Legal Monitor Articles. The updates have (new) at end of the entry so the added content is easy to identify.
This is spectacularly useful! Thanks for putting this together!
The Public Law number for H.R.6201, Families First Coronavirus Response Act has been added to the post.
please print this out
Great Stuff! Should be front and center!!
Thank you for providing this aggregated and curated list. Most useful.
My employer don’t want to answer my questions they just tell me to
Use vacation leave to take off with kids over school closed
I will have no time left soon … that act passed on March 18th does that
Help me any … they don’t want to find out for me please help
Please send us this question through the Law Library’s Ask A Librarian service where it will be assigned to a reference librarian
Thank you for all these interesting information. I just wonder if somebody knows What is the reason our loan’s interests are still running, and we still could be in default if we do not pay the loans on time even with our businesses closed. Why we do not have a Federal legislation extending for a period of 90 days the trigger point of any private contract upon which a creditors, landlords, banks etc. may imposing late fees and other penalties or declare a default under the contractual agreement?
Thank you for your question. Please submit it through our Ask-a-Librarian service at //www.loc.gov/rr/askalib/ask-law.html.
It’s absolutely ridiculous that you do not have information in this article about the $2 Trillion stimulus bill, H.R. 748 which is very convoluted and uninformed on your site. Still can’t find the actual text that passed the Senate last night. This should be easily available to an US citizen looking for it.
The text of H.R.748 as passed by the Senate has been added to Congress.gov. We have also added some CRS reports to this post which you may find helpful in understand the legislation.
Are churches eligible to participate under just passed coronavirus stimulus package? Thank you
Thank you for your question. Please submit it through our Ask-a-Librarian service at //www.loc.gov/rr/askalib/ask-law.html.
MANY THANKS FOR THIS PAGE AND INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN