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New Report on “Regulation of Crash Avoidance Systems” Published

Around 1.3 million people worldwide are killed in road accidents every year, and up to 50 million are injured. Vulnerable road users, such as pedestrians and cyclists, make up more than half of those killed and injured. The nonbinding “Stockholm Declaration,” which was endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly in August 2020, calls for a new global target to reduce road traffic deaths and injuries by 50% by 2030. Countries are also discussing new vehicle safety regulations within the framework of the UNECE World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29), a regulatory forum that administers, among other things, three agreements on motor vehicles and their equipment.

“The constable” – “Buster Brown and his bubble.” Richard Felton Outcault, artist. 1903. Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.07849

The Global Legal Research Directorate (GLRD) of the Law Library of Congress recently completed research on the legal requirements for car crash avoidance systems aimed at detecting and classifying vulnerable road users, such as pedestrians and bicyclists. We are excited to share with you the report that resulted from this research, Regulation of Crash Avoidance Systems. The report covers 14 selected jurisdictions, namely Australia, Canada, China, France, Israel, Japan, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the United Kingdom (UK), and the European Union (EU).

The surveys give an overview of mandatory vehicle safety regulations, such as the new EU Regulation 2019/2144 which updates EU type-approval requirements to ensure the general safety of vehicles, in particular with regard to vulnerable road users, as well as of nonbinding recommendations and additional safety features voluntarily added by manufacturers. Furthermore, rules regarding the development of autonomous vehicles, in particular to increase the safety of road traffic, are described.

We invite you to review the information provided in our report. You can also browse additional reports from the Law Library on other topics. To receive alerts when new reports are published, you can subscribe to email updates and the RSS feed for Law Library Reports (click the “subscribe” button on the Law Library’s website).

Cambodia’s Legal Education

The following is a guest post by Pichrotanak Bunthan, a legal research fellow with the Law Library of Congress, who is working under the supervision of Sayuri Umeda, a foreign law specialist covering Japan and other jurisdictions in East and Southeast Asia. History and Background of Higher Education in Cambodia Cambodia’s education system, including legal education, had […]

Proclamation of 1809 Allowing for Home Production of Brännvin – Pic of the Week

It’s officially October and I thought I would share a proclamation from our Swedish Law collection that I found back in 2019 while researching a blog post on the Treaty of Fredrikshamn. The proclamation entered into force on October 1, 1809. The document is titled “Kong.Maj:ts Nådiga Kungörelse, Angående Tillåten Brännvinsbränning ifrån den första instundande […]

Lappkodicillen of 1751 – the Sami Magna Carta

This year marks the 270th anniversary of the Lapp Codicil of 1751 (Lappkodicillen), a document equally relevant to Sami cross-border relations in Sweden and Norway today as it was in 1751. On September 21, 1751, the Strömstad Treaty between Norway (Denmark) and Sweden (including Finland) was signed. Norway was then a part of Denmark and in an addendum […]

FALQs: Impeachment Rules in Denmark

This blog post is part of our Frequently Asked Legal Questions series. Later this week, Denmark will hold its first impeachment proceeding (Rigsrett) in 26 years. The main proceedings (hovedforhandlingen) start on September 2. In this blog post, I will describe the process of impeachment in Denmark. Background On February 2, 2021, the Danish Parliament […]

We’re Hiring!

The Global Legal Research Directorate of Law Library of Congress is looking for new additions to our team this fall. From reference to research to writing, GLRD offers a variety of opportunities for an exciting and fulfilling career. A list of our current open vacancies can be found at the bottom of this post.

500-Year Anniversary of the Fuggerei – the Oldest Social Housing Complex in the World

This blog post describes the “Fuggerei” in Augsburg, Germany – the oldest existing social housing complex in the world. The Fuggerei was established on August 23, 1521 by Jakob Fugger “the Rich,” a wealthy merchant. In order to be eligible for housing, a person must be Catholic, needy, respectable, and a citizen of Augsburg. The yearly rent is Euros 0.88.

Billionaires Are Going to Space! Or Are They?

This is a guest post by Elizabeth Boomer, an international law consultant in the Global Legal Research Directorate. Elizabeth has previously written for In Custodia Legis on Technology & the Law of Corporate Responsibility – The Impact of Blockchain, 30th Anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, United Nations Day – A Time to […]

FALQs: England and Wales: Football Banning Orders

The following is a guest post by Chris Brain, a foreign law intern working in the Global Legal Research Directorate of the Law Library of Congress under the supervision of Clare Feikert-Ahalt, senior foreign law specialist covering the United Kingdom. He has previously written about UK – New Immigration and Asylum Bill Provides Fundamental Reforms. This post is […]