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Some Context for the Community Collections Fellowship Program

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Image of little league baseball game, shot from behind umpire. Catcher has glove open and batter appears ready to swing at the ball.
Baseball game between Los Boricuas and Los Latinos at the Roberto Clemente baseball field during the 1987 Puerto Rican Festival in Lowell, Massachusetts. The youth league had just started when AFC conducted fieldwork for the Lowell Folklife Project. Photo by Tom Rankin, 1987. Library of Congress, AFC 1987/042: LFP-TR-C006.

As noted in a recent post on this blog, the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress will be launching a Community Collections Fellowship program under the Library’s “Of the People” initiative funded with support from the Mellon Foundation. This program will enable people to conduct fieldwork documenting the cultural activities and experiences that are happening right now in their home communities. The resulting collections of interviews, photographs, written descriptions, or other types of documentation will be from their own perspectives— and will expand the range of contemporary folklife or cultural heritage found in the Library’s collections while also adding to holdings in local institutions.

Folklife can be thought of as the wide range of traditions and practices that give shape to local culture—e.g. language, food, music, stories, dress, beliefs, material culture or craft, games, celebrations—and help us identify the community (or, more often, communities) that we participate in on a daily basis. By no means exhaustive, this short list of potential components of local culture hopefully provides a sense of the kinds of materials that the AFC holds in its archive, and wants to help Community Collection Fellows document.  While this fellowship program is new, it builds on long-running efforts by the American Folklife Center to work in and with communities in order to preserve and present folklife in all of its diversity.

Continuing this legacy at the Center is exciting, and one of the touchstones for the new fellowship program is what staff at the Center collectively call the “field surveys.” Between the mid-1970s and the late 1990s, the American Folklife Center coordinated a series of field surveys across the United States. These were large-scale projects in specific geographic and cultural areas that AFC staff planned and conducted, often drawing on locally-based documentarians who worked on contract. Many of these projects occurred with the help of partner organizations at the federal or state level, and were intended to generate significant collections that could serve multiple purposes: establish cultural centers, form the core of exhibits, inspire public programming, or become archival resources tracing the cultural trajectory of people and places.

To get a an overview of where these field surveys took place, and the kinds of cultural documentation that they comprise, be sure to visit the Story Map published by the American Folklife Center:

Screenshot of opening image for Story Map created by American Folklife Center. Background image is of folklorist interviewing a person on front porch of house, and overlayed title text says "American Folklife Center: Field Surveys (1977-1998)
This is the opening image for an interactive Story Map offering an introduction to the ‘field survey’ collections available online at the Library’s website. Clicking on the image will take you directly to the Story Map in another browser tab.

Through this interactive online resource, you can ‘tour’ the field survey locations and get a sampling of the content. There are plenty of opportunities to jump directly to the online collections represented in the Story Map, so feel free to explore!

The collaborative nature of these field surveys serves as context and inspiration for the Community Collections Fellowships. Through coordination with a wide range of organizations, and directly with community members as participants in fieldwork, AFC built up significant documentation of cultural life across the United States over a period of about twenty years through the field surveys that we planned. Now, we want to work directly with communities by supporting ethnographic projects that they conceptualize and plan. With Library funding and guidance in fieldwork methods by AFC staff, communities will be able  to produce documentation and archival collections that represent their perspectives, generating resources that can be used locally in any number of creative ways while also enriching that national cultural record as part of the American Folklife Center’s archive.

Comments (4)

  1. How can folks working on community-centered digital archive initiatives get connected to the “Of the People” initiative? I’ve read the blogs posts related to the project, but I can’t seem to find an actionable path to funding or other types of participation.

    • Thanks for reading/following the blog, which is still the best place to look for announcements and updates on all “Of the People” efforts. Notices of open applications for all the funding opportunities are forthcoming, as we continue to work internally to set up the programs.

  2. If an artist (photographer, videographer) is hired to document as part of this initiative, what are the in terms related to copyright? Does the artist loose its copyright and the Library of Congress become the sole owner of the content.

    • Greetings, and thanks for the question. The grant agreements signed by awardees and the Library indicate that intellectual property rights stay with the creator(s), and the Library only requests the right to share collection materials online via its website. The Library does not take on ownership of collection materials generated by the project teams funded by this initiative.

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