Bayard Rustin’s Perseverance

Over the course of his life, Bayard Rustin championed the rights of many, including African Americans, unions and members of the LGBTQ community. He was a close confidant of A. Philip Randolph and Martin Luther King, Jr. at the height of the Civil Rights movement, but for many his name is not as immediately recognizable as those of other civil rights leaders of the era.

Rustin’s previous ties with the Communist Party and his identity as a gay man were seen by some fellow activists during the 1950s and 1960s as a liability. He was officially recognized only as Deputy Director of the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, for example, but he is widely recognized as the primary organizer of the event. He strongly influenced King and others with his ideas about nonviolent resistance, rooted in his Quaker upbringing and study of nonviolent resistance strategies. The emphasis on economic equality as a right at civil rights-era events is often attributed to Rustin’s efforts to bring racial and economic issues, framed as inextricably linked, to the forefront.

The digitized photographs of Rustin below reflect his work during the 1960s, but there are additional images in the collection from various periods of his life.

In front of 170 W 130 St., March on Washington, l t[o] r Bayard Rustin, Deputy Director, Cleveland Robinson, Chairman of Administrative Committee. World Telegram & Sun photo by O. Fernandez, 1963. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.35538

In front of 170 W 130 St., March on Washington, l t[o] r Bayard Rustin, Deputy Director, Cleveland Robinson, Chairman of Administrative Committee. World Telegram & Sun photo by O. Fernandez, 1963. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.35538

Marchers with "District 65 ALF-CIO" sign at the March on Washington. Photo by Marion Trikosko, 1963. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.37236

Marchers with “District 65 ALF-CIO” sign at the March on Washington. Photo by Marion Trikosko, 1963. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.37236

Later in his life Rustin spoke of the discrimination he faced at the height of the civil rights movement for his association with the Young Communist League as a young man, and for his identity as a gay man. In a 1986 recorded interview with Peg Byron from the Washington Blade, Rustin described his response to Senator Strom Thurmond’s public attacks on his character in the days leading up to the March on Washington. Despite harsh criticism from Thurmond and even from others within the civil rights movement, he continued to believe that civil rights leaders ultimately did maintain their support for his work.

Bayard Rustin (center) speaking with (left to right) Carolyn Carter, Cecil Carter, Kurt Levister, and Kathy Ross, before demonstration] / World Telegram & Sun photo by Ed Ford, 1964. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c18982

Fighting inequality of many types motivated Rustin from a young age. During his interview with Byron, Rustin described an incident when he was boarding a bus in the 1940s: when a white child wanted to touch his necktie, the mother told the child not to touch an African American person, using a racial slur. Rustin recalled thinking that he had a responsibility to the child to make it known that he did not accept racial discrimination, and that as a corollary he knew he had to make it known that he did not accept discrimination based on his sexual orientation. Rustin’s consistent rejection of discrimination of many kinds, and his solidarity with many communities, is worth remembering this LGBT History Month.

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