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Fostering Student Analysis of Newspaper Poetry Related to the Influenza Pandemic of 1918

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"The Goldarned Flu," a poem from a newspaper in 1919
“The Goldarned Flu,” from The Telegraph-Courier (Kenosha, Wisconsin), February 20, 1919

In the May/June 2022 issue of Social Education, the journal of the National Council for the Social Studies, our “Sources and Strategies” article highlights poems about the influenza pandemic that appeared in U.S. newspapers in 1918 and 1919, and that today can be found online in Chronicling America. The article suggests that students’ analysis of these poems can provide insights
into not only the contributors’ views on the flu, but also into the role newspaper poetry played in the discussion of public events in the early twentieth century.

The article notes that students today might be surprised to see how prevalent poetry was in the newspapers of the 1910s. Poems could be found on a newspaper’s front page, in the religion section, alongside the comics, or collected in a weekly poetry feature, possibly one that even occupied a page of its own. Although many newspaper poems addressed the timeless poetic themes of love and loss, a great number dealt with the news of the day, providing serious reflection or satirical takes on current events.

In 1918 and 1919, the influenza pandemic swept through the United States, with three major waves of illness and death striking the country months apart. The nation’s preoccupation with the disease found its way into newspapers in many non-news features, including local information on flu-stricken individuals and families, advertisements for health products, and poems about the flu.

The article highlights newspaper poems that take a wide range of approaches to the pandemic. One poem titled “That Flu Stuff” takes a humorous approach to a potentially grim topic, providing a long list of symptoms, from a stomach ache to bad skin to wanting to sleep at night, that a weary doctor might interpret as the flu. Another, “The Battle of the Flu,” is a mock-heroic ballad that purports to tell the tale of a confrontation between elected officials in two Idaho towns over  whether one town’s quarantine ordinances were legal. A widely-reprinted poem sometimes titled “The Goldarned Flu” is written in the voice of a long-suffering flu patient, and ends with “Some call it Flu–I call it H–l.”

The article provides prompts for analysis of these pandemic poems, as well as avenues for further investigation. Teachers might ask students to consider:

  • What did the people who published these poems in their newspapers assume about their readers?
  • What did they believe was and was not an appropriate topic for a newspaper poem to address?
  • What perspectives are represented in these poems and which are not?

Students might also identify parallels between the type of commentary on current events that appears in newspaper poems from a century ago and similar commentary today. Ask them: What are the venues in which satire, critique, and community-based expressions of humorous solidarity—rhyming or otherwise—can be found in the early 21st century?

If you check out this article in Social Education and try the activities with your students, please take a moment and let us know what they discovered.

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Comments (4)

  1. Regarding community newspapers, I think adding a poetry corner of any topic is a good thing for small communities, and an inspirational self-esteem builder for kids. Including have a monthly poetry contest.

    In my, (no longer existing), community newspaper, I also offered kids, (8 to 12 years old), the opportunity to operate as young reporters. It’s nothing more exciting for a young sports reporter to get the chance to interview sport stars, including big time NASCAR drivers.

    Even town hall meetings were inspiring. It gave kid reporters the opportunity to ask their mayor, and city council officials about the needs of kids in their communities. Seemed to be well taken by local officials. The kids were more apt to get the things they wanted than the parents. Go figure.

    So yeah, get into the ears of local community newspapers.

  2. Hi Stephen,
    I am part of the TPS summer program. I loved this article and plan to use the poems in the upcoming year. Thank you for a great post!

  3. Hi! The article from Social Education that you mentioned seems really interesting and relevant to some undergraduate research I’m doing. However, I can’t seem to find it anywhere. Would you be able to provide a link?

    • We’ve sent a copy of the article to your email. Best wishes.

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