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Historic photograph of three men weighing fish at outdoor market

Introducing “Seeing Lost Enclaves” with Innovator in Residence Jeffrey Yoo Warren

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The following is a guest post by 2023 Innovator in Residence Jeffrey Yoo Warren, an artist and educator who lives in Providence, Rhode Island. Yoo Warren will work with Library of Congress staff and collections to digitally reconstruct Providence’s historic Chinatown using 3D and virtual reality technologies. He will repeat the process for another historic Chinatown site in the United States, location yet to be determined. He will also publish a toolkit with research strategies and 3D modeling methods to empower other communities to do the same. The toolkit will be released on in September 2023.

This month marks the end of my first phase of work on Seeing Lost Enclaves, and of the first phase of my residency at the Library of Congress as the 2023 Innovator in Residence, which I began this past October. It’s been a rewarding three months, and a bit overwhelming, as I’ve done research at the Library and begun to organize my work so that other people — especially Asian Americans and descendants of erased communities — can participate in using these techniques for creating virtual reconstructions of neighborhoods which were destroyed long ago. It’s my hope that the act of crafting virtual re-creations can be a healing process for those with a personal connection to these spaces.

virtual reality rendering of foggy Chinatown street and buildings

Simulated fog, looking out from the entrance to Providence’s Chinatown of 1914 in an early test model of my relational reconstruction process.

I’ve posted a draft of Part 1 of the Relational Reconstruction Toolkit. This is the first part of an evolving guide to relational reconstruction, a creative, experiential research method for minoritized groups to reclaim archives and access erased moments, histories, and spaces personally meaningful to them, through collectively crafted immersive 3D environments and other artistic means. The draft is based in the process I’ve used in my Seeing Providence Chinatown project, about the neighborhood which existed on Empire Street in Providence, RI until December 1914. I’ll be continuing to refine this, and to add guides and documentation of other parts of this process over the course of 2023, including topics such as reconstruction, modeling, soundscapes, ambience, as well as finding source material at the Library of Congress and other archives.

Preparing this, along with a whirlwind first visit to the Library of Congress to do an initial search for materials and records, has taken up most of my time recently, and I’ve been doing fewer public events and workshops than I’d hoped. Visiting the Library of Congress was a powerful experience, and a reminder that there is pain in looking through these materials. Just trying to see people through the records left by racist newspapers, the violence itself, of course – but also the sense of mapping out a negative space in the archive: the space of silence. How many shelves, binders, directories, photographs said nothing at all. There were also moments of brightness; hand-scribbled notes in a yearbook, self-portraits, moments of quiet and joy and recognition.

Historic photograph of three men weighing fish at outdoor market


Weighing Fish, Chinatown, San Francisco“, c. 1896-1906, Genthe photograph collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress.

I remind myself that the goal of my work, of this idea of relational reconstruction, as I wrote months ago in my proposal, is to “focus on the potential for a more multifaceted remembrance and correction, through relationships between the experiences partially represented in the archive, and today’s parallel experiences in minoritized groups. It acknowledges the limitations of the archive as a means of accessing erased moments, experiences, and spaces. In this approach, I seek to correct erasure, but through an imaginative, immersive, social, and creative approach, which encloses a gentle and nourishing space rather than enclosing an artifact of history in a diorama at a museum or on a plaque. This process restructures the archive as a set of selective clues, shaped by the active intent to obscure ancestral knowledges best expressed in ways least likely to be historically preserved – emotional tone, color, sound and smell, private moments and ephemera of personal relationships, hopes, aspirations, things unsaid.”

This is an intimidating goal. But what I’ve learned over the past year is not only that there are many others with a similar passion for understanding and connecting with the past in this way, but that sharing space, creativity, knowledge and ideas is nourishing — as in the workshops I led with Ann Chen at CultureHub this fall. With this in mind, I’m looking forward to expanding this work — through collaborations — to see if these techniques can be useful in other places.

black and white photograph of man and children holding hands crossing street

“In Chinatown”, 1920. Image cropped from original within Specific Subject File filing series, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress.

I’m beginning to reach out to folks about – slowly – beginning a reconstruction in another place. This fall, I spent time looking for records in Truckee, CA, New Orleans, Deadwood, SD, and other places. (Though Chinatowns are a starting point for me, due to my work in Providence’s Chinatown, I am also interested in the histories of other erased communities of color, and hope to learn more about these histories over the course of the residency.)

I’m interested in connecting with descendants of these communities, as well as with Asian American artists, historians, and community members interested in remembrance related to these places. Please see the link in my bio to let me know you’d like to connect, or DM on Instagram @unterbahn or on Twitter @jywarren!

Thank you and please take a look at my draft guide and toolkit repository on GitHub.

historic photographs layered on map of Deadwood South Dakota
An image from the Mapping photos section of the Relational Reconstruction Toolkit guide, featuring a Sanborn map of Deadwood, South Dakota, from the Geography and Maps Division, Library of Congress.


Comments (6)

  1. A fascinating project! However, Deadwood is in South Dakota (Lawrence County), not North Dakota, as the caption says.

    • Thank you for spotting that!

    • Thanks Lynn! Sophia’s blog is excellent!

  2. Wow, amazing! Thank you for undertaking such an important and meaningful project! It is very helpful to fill the gap for next generation of Asian Americans about the ancestor history in the US. We cannot thank you enough on this. Looking forward to more of your work!

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