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Archive: August 2021 (6 Posts)

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Mental Arithmetic

Posted by: Ellen Terrell

However, practical arithmetic standardized professionalization by treating all students as potential workers in fields that required numeracy skills--from banking and farming to masonry and carpentry. The business application of arithmetic education became so ingrained--apparently to Davidson’s dismay--that by 1895, the West Virginia State Series curriculum defined arithmetic as: “the solving of problems from its various applications to business life.”