Recently, the records of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) for the years 1883-1925 were digitized and placed online by the Library’s Manuscript Division. They make a rich source of primary materials more easily available to researchers studying labor history.
From the American Federation of Labor Records: 1914; Apr. 10-May 9.
F.J. Hayes, E.L. Doyle (center), Jas. Lord, between ca. 1910 and ca. 1915.
Among the many interesting documents in this collection is the above telegraph dated April 21, 1914. It was a reply sent by Samuel Gompers to Edward (E.L.) Doyle and is likely a response to the Ludlow Massacre of the day before, in which striking coal miners and some of their family members were killed by militia seeking to break the miners’ strike against the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company.
In 1914, at the time of Ludlow Massacre in Colorado, Doyle was Secretary Treasurer of District 15 of the United Mineworkers of America in Colorado and was intimately involved in the events in Ludlow. Given his position and involvement, he later testified before Congress on the conditions of mineworkers in Colorado and followed that up right to the door of John D. Rockefeller Jr., the president of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company.
This particular telegraph is part of the group covering April 9 – May 10, but if you’re interested in exploring the full American Federation of Labor collection, it is now digitized and can be found at //www.loc.gov/collections/american-federation-of-labor-records/
If you want more stories like this subscribe to Inside Adams — it’s free!
Mary Harris Jones, otherwise known as Mother Jones was a leader in the history of Labor, here is some of her story.
Of late I’ve been digging into our collections on women in business history (which I define to include phrasing such as women in the workforce). Given that it’s the 100-year anniversary since the United States entered the Great War, I was curious about what I might find about women entering the workforce during the United […]
The month of January marks the birthday of Emily Greene Balch (1867-1961), an American economist, sociologist, political scientist, and pacifist who rose to prominence during and after World War I. Balch began her career as a faculty member at Wellesley College in 1896 and became a full professor in 1913. As an academic, Balch studied […]
The following is a guest post from David Fernández-Barrial, foreign-language librarian at the Library of Congress’ National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) and a union steward for the Library of Congress Professional Guild, AFSCME Local 2910. 130 years ago this month, workers on the streets of Chicago may have seen one […]
Last year I missed the opportunity to write a post commemorating the 100th anniversary of the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory that occurred on March 25, 1911. I didn’t want to let another year pass without writing about it because of its importance in workplace safety and labor history. The Triangle Waist Company was […]
The Women’s Bureau was organized in 1920 as an agency within the Department of Labor to represent the needs of working women. As part of its mission, it published many books and pamphlets about women’s issues and the working conditions of women. Since March is Women’s History Month, I thought this would be a good […]
Guest blogger today is business reference librarian Ellen Terrell Many Americans may think Labor Day as the end of summer or a day of rest, parades, picnics, or store sales. Labor Day is so much more. The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882 at the behest of the Central Labor […]
Our guest author today is Ellen Terrell, Business Reference Specialist. According to the U.S. Census in their report Americans with Disabilities: 2005, there are roughly 54 million Americans with a disability. 11 million people age 6 and older need personal assistance with everyday activities and 46% of the people ages 21 to 64 having some […]